Bruxism can be defined as the grinding of teeth for non-functional purposes. Some authors refer to nocturnal grinding as bruxism while the term bruxomania is given for grinding during the day time. Para function is abnormal function, as in bruxism. Bruxism (tooth grinding, occlusal neurosis) is a habit of grinding,… Continue Reading Bruxism

The local factors responsible (Etiology of malocclusion) to produce a localized effect confined to one or more adjacent or opposing teeth. Anomalies in Number of Teeth in etiology of malocclusion In order to achieve good occlusion, the normal number of teeth should be present. Presence of extra teeth or absence… Continue Reading Etiology of malocclusion (local factors)

The Classification of Malocclusion has been done by many and is given in detail below: Angle’s System of classification of malocclusion Edward Angle introduced a system of classifying malocclusion in the year 1899. Angle’s classification is still in use after almost 100 years of its introduction due to its simplicity… Continue Reading Classification of malocclusion

During the 1970’s, andrews six keys to normal occlusion came forward after studying models of 120 patients with ideal occlusion. Andrews considered the presence of these features essential to achieve an optimal occlusion. Andrews six keys to normal  occlusion are considered under the following headings: 1. Molar inter-arch relationship 2.… Continue Reading Andrews six keys to normal occlusion