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Monthly Archives: January 2011

Anxiolytics

Anxiety may be due to minor mal adjustments in day to day life. Such individuals complain of ‘tension’ with vague symptoms without any obvious signs of illness. In fact they do not really need drug (Anxiolytics) therapy. In pathological anxiety, behavioural and mental functions are often severely impaired. So anxiety …

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Psychopharmacological Agents

Psychopharmacological Agents, which are employed to treat mental or behavioural diseases (psychiatric illnesses), are called psychotropic drugs, psychotherapeutic agents or psychoactive agents. They can be divided into the following groups: 1. Antipsychotics (neuroleptics; major tranquilizers): They are used to treat patients of psychosis or schizophrenia. 2. Antianxiety drugs (anxiolytics; minor …

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NSAID

The characteristic features of NSAID are: 1. NSAID are weak analgesics than narcotic analgesics. 2. Unlike narcotic (opioid) analgesics, NSAID do not induce central depressant and sedative activity, so they are called non- narcotic (non-opioid) analgesics. 3. Most of NSAID have additional anti- inflammatory and antipyretic effects. 4. NSAID do …

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Anti TNF Drugs

Cytokines play a central part in the human immune response and therefore rheumatoid arthritis. Out of wide range of cytokines TNF-ct (tissue necrosing factor-alfa) appears to be at the heart of the inflammatory process in the joints of rheumatoid arthritis patients. Anti TNF Drugs: TNF-ct is produced by macrophages and …

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Palmar grasp

Palmar grasp – As the child grows and develops itself, he goes through several stages. These stages are called reflexes. They are different stages and have different reflexes. The different reflexes in the child development are “adaptive value of reflexes”, “moro reflex”, “Walking  or stepping reflex”, “rooting reflex”, “sucking reflex”, “tonic …

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Inferior pincer grasp

Inferior pincer grasp – We have learned about the pincer grasp stage, where the infant is able to feed himself, learn to write, read, draw and complete many activities, as he is capable and has learned the art with the developing stages of palmar and raking grasp. The stage within the …

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Pincer grasp

When the baby learns to hold things which can help him play, feed himself, read, write, draw and take care of himself, it is called grasping. The pincer grasp is the stage which is usually during the age of 9-12 months. During this stage, the infant will be able to …

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Pharmacodynamics

Pharmacodynamics is concerned with the actions, interactions and the mode of action of drugs. It deals with: Quantitative study of the biological and therapeutic effects of drugs,  The mechanism of action of a drug, Correlation of drug actions with the chemical structure. An effect on a tissue is the end …

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Mechanism of Drug Action – Pharmacodynamics

Mechanism of Drug Action is very important subject that every dentist needs to be aware of. Drugs produce their over effects by a variety of fundamental actions: Outside the cell mechanism of drug action a. Physical action: Colour may exert a psychological effect. Smell: Volatile oils like peppermint oil are …

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