Home / 2011 / February (page 4)

Monthly Archives: February 2011

Properties of Dental Materials

Properties of Dental Materials – The staff working in a Dental Office must be fully acquainted with the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of the various materials to derive optimum benefit from their use. The dental materials are developed by manufacturers and selected by the Dentist for the use in …

Read More »

Dentition in children

Dentition in children may be divided into 3 chronological stages — a) eruption of primary or deciduous teeth, b) exfoliation of these teeth, and c) eruption of permanent teeth, though the timings of these events are too variable to be useful for growth assessment. Normal dentition in children: Important events …

Read More »

Normal child development

Normal child development is the essence of childhood that leads to transition of a fertilized ovum into an independent adult through different stages of anatomical growth and physiological maturation. The terms growth and development are not interchangeable, though both processes are frequently interdependent. It is “an anatomical process involving increase …

Read More »

Child growth

Physical Child growth is evident by chronological changes in — a) General body size and appearance i.e. anthropometric indicators, b) Specific features e.g. dentition and skeletal maturation, and c) Internal body composition. Despite individual variations, most of these changes follow a predictable pattern, and any significant deviation from this pattern …

Read More »

Growth monitoring

Growth monitoring/promotion (GMP) is defined as “an operational strategy to enable mothers to visualize growth or lack of growth in their children, and to receive specific, relevant and practical guidance in ways in which she, her family and community in general can act to assure health and continued growth in …

Read More »

Growth assessment in children

Growth assessment in children is the essential part of child health surveillance, even in absence of apparent abnormality. While assessment may be considered as one-point process, Growth monitoring is more important and requires serial data e.g. Weight, to detect changes in growth parameters over a period of time. Indications for …

Read More »

Infant developmental milestones

Infant developmental milestones – Neurological development is assessed in terms of the milestones i.e. maturation of certain physical functions e.g. sitting or smiling, which are expected to be achieved by a normal child within certain age limits. They may be broadly divided into 4 major fields — 1. Gross motor …

Read More »

Developmental assessment of young children

Developmental assessment of young children is an integral part of child health checkup, even in apparently normal babies. However, the depth of assessment varies from child to child, according to perceived risk of abnormality. Indications are — a) Periodic routine child health checkup, b) Follow-up of high-risk neonates for early …

Read More »

Pediatric growth chart

Pediatric growth chart is simple, inexpensive and widely popular tools for growth monitoring in children, also considered as passport to health. Weight is the most commonly used growth parameter in growth charts, as it is first affected in any illness. Definition: A Pediatric growth chart is “a visible display of— …

Read More »

Bone age in child

Bone age – Skeletal maturation begins in utero with formation of endochondral bones, followed by appearance of ossification centers and completion of ossification, the last two events continuing in postnatal life. Normal maturation: It is important to note that — • Earliest epiphyseal centers to appear are for os-calcis and …

Read More »