BM is species-spec jfic i.e. quantitatively and qualitatively most appropriate for human baby. Apart from nutritional superiority, Advantages of breast feeding are many for the baby, mother, family and even to the community, Nutritional superiority in advantages of breast feeding BM is easily digestible and contains all essential nutrients in… Continue Reading Advantages of breast feeding

Essential Nutrients are the active principles in diet, each with various functions and metabolic patterns. Essential Nutrients may be classified as — a) Macro nutrients or proximate principles like proteins, fats and carbohydrates. b) Micro-nutrients like Vitamins and minerals. Proteins, which constitute —20% of body weight, are important source of… Continue Reading Essential Nutrients in children

Nutritional Requirements is a dynamic process to supply adequate nourishment for survival, growth & development, repair and creation of future reserves. Weight-wise, nutritional requirements of children are relatively higher than in adults due to active growth, building of stores, higher basal metabolic rate and more pronounced physical activity. BASIC CONSIDERATIONS… Continue Reading Nutritional Requirements

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children, characterized by three core-groups of age-inappropriate symptoms hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattentiveness; leading to secondary problems like poor scholastic performance, conduct disorders, emotional and social maladjustment etc. While some children have all three components of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,… Continue Reading Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – diagnosis, management and treatment

Psychosomatic Disorders – Although emotional stress is a known precipitating/ exacerbating event for many medical illnesses e.g. asthma, diarrhea or epilepsy; two specific and important psychosomatic illnesses are conversion disorder and Munchausen syndrome by proxy, discussed here. Conversion disorder denotes loss or alteration of physical functioning without a demonstrable illness.… Continue Reading Psychosomatic Disorders in children

Anxiety Disorders – Anxiety/fear is a normal part of development, beginning with stranger’s fear by 6-8 months of age. The term anxiety disorders or neurosis denotes ‘disproportionately excessive anxiety to a real event or undue anxiety to an imaginary cause’. Common anxiety disorders include — a) Phobia e.g. school phobia… Continue Reading Anxiety Disorders in children

Behavioral disorders – Development of behavior in children is a complex process, influenced by inherent temperament as well as exogenous influences like family and social environment.  Consequently, all children, like all adults, have unique behavioral traits, usually within the acceptable limits of deviance. It is important to differentiate these benign… Continue Reading Behavioral disorders