Home / 2011 / April (page 3)

Monthly Archives: April 2011

Antitussives

Antitussives – Cough is a protective reflex. It helps in the expulsion of respiratory secretion or foreign particles from air passages. Stimulation of mechano-or chemoreceptors in throat, respiratory passages or stretch receptors in the lungs leads to cough. Antitussives Cough suppressant agents are called antitussives. These drugs act: • By …

Read More »

Antiplatelet drugs

Antiplatelet drugs – It is very useful in the treatment of severe hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) and familial hypercholesterolaemia (F-HC) in whom satisfactory plasma levels of LDL-C are not achieved with single drug. The most commonly used antiplatelet drugs is aspirin. It is used chronically in very low doses (40 to 325 mg …

Read More »

Serocyst Adenoma

Some of the common forms of adenoma cyst include serocyst adenoma, mucinous cyst adenoma intraductal papillary mucinous cysts and many more. These are are mostly available in benign form and are non inflammatory. It is commonly found in middle aged women and is known in benign form. This form of adenoma …

Read More »

Antihyperlipidemic medications

Antihyperlipidemic medications – Lipids are heterogeneous group of compounds. These are related to fatty acids. These are insoluble in water. However, these are soluble in ether and chloroform. These are of three types: a. Simple lipids: These are esters of alcohol and fatty acids. The fatty acids, present in diet, may …

Read More »

Intravenous fluid replacement

Intravenous fluid replacement – Shock is a state of acute circulatory failure. It is mainly due to reduced blood volume (hypovolemia). It is, therefore, essential to restore the intravascular blood volume as quickly as possible by intravenous fluid therapy. The various types of fluids used for intravenous fluid replacement are: 1. …

Read More »

Thrombolytic medications

Thrombolytic medications are used to dissolve clot in vivo. To break thrombi, these drugs degrade fibrin by activating plasminogen to form plasmin. 1. Streptokinase thrombolytic medications: It is a protein and is synthesized by beta-haemolytic streptococci. It is employed in the treatment of life-threatening venous thrombosis and in pulmonary embolism. …

Read More »

Antiplatelet medications

Antiplatelet medications – The flow of blood may be reduced, if a thrombus (clot) is formed in a blood vessel. Thrombosis may decrease or block the flow of blood to vital organs like brain, lung, heart or kidney and the condition may be fatal. Each thrombus consists of white thrombus (platelets) …

Read More »

Extrapyramidal symptoms treatment

Extrapyramidal symptoms treatment can be done when realizing that some symptoms that take place in those who are taking neuroleptic medications. These side effects are spontaneous movements that are displayed in the starting phase of cure. This extrapyramidal symptoms treatment are temporary and the condition may be reversed when the medicine due …

Read More »

Forensic Medicine

Forensic Medicine or legal medicine (forensic =of or used in Courts of law) deals with the application of medical knowledge to aid in the administration of justice. It is used by the legal authorities for the solution of legal problems. Some examples are: applying the medical knowledge in deciding cases …

Read More »

History of forensic medicine

History of forensic medicine – Medicine and law have been related from the earliest times and the bonds which united them were religion, superstition and magic. Law vs medical problems are found in the written records in Egypt, Sumer, Babylon, India and China dating back 4000 to 3000 B.C. A Chinese …

Read More »