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Monthly Archives: June 2011

What is an incised wound

An incised wound (cut, slash, slice) is a clean cut through the tissues, (usually the skin and subcutaneous tissues, including blood vessels), caused by sharp-edged instrument, which is longer than it is deep. It is produced by the pressure and friction against the tissue, by an object having a sharp …

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Lacerations

Lacerations are tears or splits of skin, mucous membranes, muscle or internal organs produced by application of blunt force to broad area of the body, which crushed or stretched tissues beyond the limits of their elasticity. They are also called tears or ruptures. Localized portions of tissue are displaced by …

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Bruises or Contusions

Bruises or Contusions – A contusion is an effusion of blood into the tissues, due to the rupture of blood vessels (veins, venules and arterioles), caused by blunt trauma, such as fist, stone, stick, bar, whip, boot, etc. Contusions may be present not only in skin, but also in internal organs, …

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Embalming a body

Embalming a body Emblaming is the treatment of the dead body with antiseptics and preservatives to prevent putrefaction. By this process proteins are coagulated, tissues are fixed, organs are bleached and hardened and blood is converted into a brownish mass. Embalming produces a chemical stiffening similar to rigor mortis, and …

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Mummification

Mummification is a modification of putrefaction. Dehydration or drying and shriveling of the cadaver occurs from the evaporation of water, but the natural appearances and features of the body are preserved. It begins in the exposed parts like face, hands and feet and then extends to the entire body including …

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Adipocere or Saponification

Adipocere (cire=wax) is a modification of putrefaction. In this, the fatty tissues of the body change into a substance known as adipocere. It is seen most commonly in bodies immersed in water or in damp, warm environment. Mechanism: The change is due to the gradual hydrolysis and hydrogenation of pre-existing …

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