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Monthly Archives: March 2012

Endemic fluorosis – Diagnosis & Treatment

Endemic fluorosis is a disease entity caused by ingestion of water containing high concentration of fluorides over long periods of time. Besides various structures it mainly involves teeth and skeletons. Endemic fluorosis is present in many parts of India (Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh) and countries …

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Epidemic dropsy

  Epidemic dropsy is a clinical condition characterized by edema of the ankles, vascular changes, cardiac insufficiency, gastro intestinal disturbances, renal failure and glaucoma. It generally occurs in epidemic form and is due to consumption of edible oil contaminated with oil of the Mexican Poppy (Argemone Mexican). Epidemiology The Epidemic dropsy …

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Lathyrism – causes, features and treatment

Lathyrism is a disease of poor underdeveloped countries where large amounts of pulse Lathyrus sativus (Kesari dal) are consumed. This pulse is extensively cultivated in India like North Bihar, United Provinces, Madhya Pradesh, Bengal, Maharashtra, Mysore and Andhra Pradesh. It is mainly confined to countries where different kinds of pulses are …

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Tobacco and its hazards

Smoking Tobacco of all types whether cigarette, bidi or hooka carries a high degree of morbidity and mortality. Almost all major organs of the body bear brunt of smoking whether it be heart (coronary heart disease), lungs (cancer, chronic bronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis), nervous system (cerebrovascular accidents), G. I. Tract (gastritis, peptic …

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Organophosphorus poisoning

 Organophosphorus poisoning is of common occurrence in agricultural countries since these insecticides are used for spraying of agricultural crops as well as for destruction of vermin’s and rodents. Often they are used for suicidal and homicidal purposes. Organophosphorus poisoning compounds and carbmates are a family that have structural similarities. They act by …

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Aluminium phosphide poisoning

Aluminium phosphide poisoning – During the last few years great attention of medical fraternity is focused on large scale poisoning by aluminum phosphide carrying with it high degree of mortality. Aluminium phosphide marketed in the form of Pellets pack of 3 gms (Quickphos, cellphos) is extensively used in India as …

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