The scorpions belong to the group arachnoids and there are as many as 650 species of them in the world which belong to 6 families, of which Buthidae is the largest family of the scorpions. The incidence of Scorpion Sting is prevalent in the tropical and subtropical countries of Africa, Middle… Continue Reading Scorpion Sting – clinical features & treatment

Snake bite carries high degree of morbidity and mortality. About thirty to fifty thousand deaths due to snake bite occur every year in India. The common families of poisonous snakes are (a) Elapidac which includes common and king cobra and Kraits (b) Viperidae (vipers and pit vipers) and family Hydrophiidae… Continue Reading Snake bite – symptoms and treatment

Endemic fluorosis is a disease entity caused by ingestion of water containing high concentration of fluorides over long periods of time. Besides various structures it mainly involves teeth and skeletons. Endemic fluorosis is present in many parts of India (Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh) and countries… Continue Reading Endemic fluorosis – Diagnosis & Treatment

  Epidemic dropsy is a clinical condition characterized by edema of the ankles, vascular changes, cardiac insufficiency, gastro intestinal disturbances, renal failure and glaucoma. It generally occurs in epidemic form and is due to consumption of edible oil contaminated with oil of the Mexican Poppy (Argemone Mexican). Epidemiology The Epidemic dropsy… Continue Reading Epidemic dropsy

Lathyrism is a disease of poor underdeveloped countries where large amounts of pulse Lathyrus sativus (Kesari dal) are consumed. This pulse is extensively cultivated in India like North Bihar, United Provinces, Madhya Pradesh, Bengal, Maharashtra, Mysore and Andhra Pradesh. It is mainly confined to countries where different kinds of pulses are… Continue Reading Lathyrism – causes, features and treatment

Smoking Tobacco of all types whether cigarette, bidi or hooka carries a high degree of morbidity and mortality. Almost all major organs of the body bear brunt of smoking whether it be heart (coronary heart disease), lungs (cancer, chronic bronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis), nervous system (cerebrovascular accidents), G. I. Tract (gastritis, peptic… Continue Reading Tobacco and its hazards

 Organophosphorus poisoning is of common occurrence in agricultural countries since these insecticides are used for spraying of agricultural crops as well as for destruction of vermin’s and rodents. Often they are used for suicidal and homicidal purposes. Organophosphorus poisoning compounds and carbmates are a family that have structural similarities. They act by… Continue Reading Organophosphorus poisoning

Toxoplasmosis is of world wide distribution and is caused by a small protozoon, Toxoplasma gondii which exists in three forms i.e. trophozoites, cysts and oocysts. The trophozoites are mainly responsible for acute infection while cysts are pathologic hallmark of chronic infection and remain latent in immunologically normal hosts. The later are… Continue Reading Toxoplasmosis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment