Typhoid is widely prevalent all over the world and millions of people fall victim to the disease every year. Though the incidence has considerably declined in developed countries due to improvement in sanitation, socioeconomic factors and quality of public health measures yet in developing countries in tropics and south East… Continue Reading Typhoid Fever – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Whooping cough or pertussis is a disease of young children and is highly contagious. The disease is of world wide distribution and carries a high degree of morbidity. It is caused by Pertussis borderella, a gram- negative coccobacillus responsible for 90-95 per cent of cases and by B. parapertussis in… Continue Reading Whooping cough (pertussis) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Diphtheria is of world wide distribution being commonest in temperate climates. It is highly contagious disease and infection spreads mainly through droplet infection by speaking, coughing or sneezing. The organisms reside in secretions from the nose and throat, in membrane formed in throat, infected wounds and spread occasionally through close… Continue Reading Diphtheria – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Mumps is a widely prevalent infectious disease and is endemic in most parts of the world. The disease commonly involves children and young adults. It is usually seen during winter months or spring. It is caused by mumps virus belonging to group of Paramyxoviruses and contains single stranded RNA in… Continue Reading Mumps – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

  Smallpox (variola) is a highly infectious disease caused by variola virus which belongs to group of pox viruses which are DNA viruses. For centuries disease has been endemic in various parts of the world often occurring in epidemics especially during winter and spring months but with the introduction of mass… Continue Reading Smallpox (variola) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

  Chickenpox (varicella) is an acute infectious disease, universally prevalent and mainly effects children below 10 years of age though older children and young adult,s are also effected. An acute attack of the disease is characterized by fever and a rash which appears in crops. It is highly contagious and in… Continue Reading Chickenpox (varicella) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Measles (rubeola) is a highly infective disease and spreads from person to person by droplet infection or by close contact. Humans are the natural host and disease may occur in epidemic form. Infants, young children, pregnant women and immuno compromised persons run the risk of getting the disease. Children below five… Continue Reading Measles (rubeola) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment