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Monthly Archives: April 2012

Lumbar puncture

Lumbar puncture is one of the earliest tests employed in neurological disorders. Lumbar puncture needle is introduced in the inter vertebral space between second and third lumbar vertebrae and cerebrospinal fluid collected. CSF is examined for its color, biochemical examination and cytology. Before doing lumbar puncture, fundus examination be done to …

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Hereditary angioedema (Quincke edema)

Hereditary angioedema (Quincke edema) is an urticarial reaction which affects the submucosa occurring as diffuse non-tender swelling. Hereditary angioedema appears suddenly and is inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder and many patients give positive family history. It is associated with C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency which may be qualitative or quantitative. Hereditary …

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Fixed drug eruptions

Fixed drug eruptions – These are adverse skin reaction to an ingested drug persistent or recurrent at the same site when the drug is re-administered. To begin with the lesion is single but at times multiple lesions may appear. They are in the form of erythematous plaque, bullous eruption or …

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Skin diseases and their diagnosis

Skin diseases – Skin is an important structure which protects the body from both internal and external influences. Basically skin consists of three layers—epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue consisting of fatty and fibrous tissue. Besides acting as a protective structure from harmful effects (Trauma, Heat, Cold, Microbes) it is also …

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Pruritis

Pruritis is a common skin problem which may be localized or general. Pruritis is a symptom complex of various dermatological and systemic diseases. Often no obvious local physical cause or sign is present. Pruritis originates within the skin’s few nerve ending and its sensations are transmitted through cutaneous fibers to the cerebral …

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Tuberculosis of skin

Tuberculosis of skin is not an uncommon entity and presents in varied forms ranging from mild forms (Lupus Vulgaris) moderate (tuberculosis verrucosa dutis) to extensive form of disease (tuberculosis orificalis). Development of cutaneous tuberculosis depends on invasion of skin by tubercle bacilli especially in a person who has not been previously …

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Intertrigo

Intertrigo is an inflammation of apposing skin surfaces caused by constant friction. It is characterized by shiny, pink lesion with scaling and erosions. Soon it may progress to more intense inflammation, with oozing maceration and crusting. Secondary infection with monilia and cocci is common giving rise to infective dermatitis. Intertrigo is facilitated …

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