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Monthly Archives: April 2012

Impetigo

It is a common, contagious, superficial inflammatory condition of the skin seen commonly in young children and elderly people with poor personal hygiene. It is mainly caused by staphylococcus aureus or streptococcus haemolyticus organisms. The incubation period generally is 2-3 days. Sites of predilection are face, neck, legs and hands. …

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Erythema Multiforme

Erythema Multiforme is an immune mediated disorder which is triggered by infections especially following Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), mycoplasma, Histoplasmosis, adenovirus and cox sackie virus B5 infections. Drugs like sulphonamides, Phenytoin, Phenylbutazone, Penicillin, Alapurinol are the most commonly implicated. In more than 50% eases there is no trigger mechanism. Clinical features …

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Eczematous dermatitis

Eczematous dermatitis: Eczema is defined as a form of non-infectious inflammatory skin disease characterized in acute stage by erythema, oedema, papules, closely set pin head vesicles which lead to oozing, and crusting. As the disease progresses, scaling and lichenification takes place and fissures appear. Intense itching produces excoriation. Secondary infection …

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Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Dermatitis Herpetiformis is chronic, recurrent dermatitis, characterized by severe itching and formation of tiny vesicles, and small bullae arising on normal or reddened skin. Patient complains of an intensely itchy eruption which is wide spread and has a tendency to grouping. Dermatitis Herpetiformis is more common in the age group of 30 …

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Pemphigus Vulgaris

Pemphigus Vulgaris is an auto immune disorder of the skin and mucous membranes in which antibody of the IgG class reacts with an antigen at the surface of the epidermal cells. This results in cells losing their adhesion and become rounded. Clinically there are small and large flaccid bullae present on …

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Herpes simplex

Herpes simplex is a very common viral infection, which involves mainly debilitated malnourished and immune compromised people whose immunity is at low level especially after severe upper respiratory tract infection. Herpes simplex virus is a DNA virus with two major antigenic types HSV-1 which is frequently associated with cutaneous lesions …

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Shingles (Herpes zoster)

Shingles (Herpes zoster) is caused by varicilla virus which is akin to virus causing chicken pox. The virus is generally activated by infections, poor immunity severe stress, and administration of steroids or immuno suppressants, lymphoma and in the presence of chronic debilitating illnesses. Appearance of zoster may coincide with one …

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Types of warts

There are several types of warts (common, plane, Filiform, Plantar and genital). These are caused by Human Papilloma virus (HPV) and are transmitted by direct skin contact. Common sites where you see different types of it are hands, fingers, nails and feet. The main pathology is in the epidermis where …

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