Neurological tests are some of the most common tests done throughout the world. Nervous system constitutes a major part of the body and its correct functioning is essential for the maintenance of quality of life. A number of disorders affect the mind, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, peripheral nerves and all associated… Continue Reading Neurological tests (CT scan, MRI, ECG, angiography, Xray, Electromyogram)

Dementia may be defined as a chronic organic disorder which is characterized by deterioration in mental functions, primarily affecting thought and memory and secondarily in abnormalities of personality, higher cortical functions and conduct. Dementia is a disorder which is gradual in onset and has a progressive course. With the increase in… Continue Reading Dementia (Alzheimer, Picks disease, Vascular, Toxic) – causes & treatment

Occupational dystonia is one form of focal dystonia where dystonic postures and movements occur while performing a specific act. The most important example is writers cramp. It is because of the habitual use of one set of muscles and their repetitive use. The symptoms are local pain in the muscle concerned,… Continue Reading Occupational dystonia (writers cramp)

Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease) is a rare hereditary disease which occurs in autosomal dominant form and is characterized by prolonged tonic contraction and delayed relaxation of muscles which is noticeable at the beginning and end of activity. The disease is usually observed in childhood but in many it shows up in… Continue Reading Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease)

Cerebral palsy has been defined as “persistent and non-progressive disorder of posture and movement due to an insult sustained by the developing brain”. Developmental and genetic factors are responsible in large percentage of cases (90%) while only 10% of cases are due to intra partum damage. It is a developmental… Continue Reading Cerebral Palsy – features, diagnosis and treatment

Atalantoaxial dislocation may be congenital due to abnormal development (non-fusion of odontoid with the axis, agenesis of odontoid or transverse ligament of the atlas) or acquired following trauma like sudden flexion of the neck or may follow vertebral tuberculosis, rheumatid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. In the atlanto axial joint, the odontoid… Continue Reading Atalantoaxial dislocation

Klippel-Feil syndrome constitutes fusion of bodies of some crevical vertebrae or their spines with or without other skeletal abnormalities. The neurological abnormalities are attributed to other abnormality of the skeleton such as hemivertebrae, kyphoscoliosis. There is maldevelopment of neuraxis or nuclear agenesis. Clinically patient has short neck, low hair line… Continue Reading Klippel-Feil syndrome