Cranio vertebral anomalies of the nervous system may be congenital or acquired. These are known to occur at any age and in both the sexes and constitute more than half of all congenital anomalies. The aetiology of these malformations is not well understood but both genetic and environmental factors play… Continue Reading Craniovertebral Anomalies of The Nervous System

Multiple sclerosis is the commonest demyelinating disorder and usually presents with recurrent attacks of focal neurological defects involving various parts of the central nervous sysem (optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem and cerebrum). The attacks occur, remit and recur over a number of years producing a chronic disabling disorder of the… Continue Reading Multiple sclerosis (MS) demyelinating disorder – features, diagnosis and treatment

In this group are neuropathies which are as a result of toxic substances like Arsenic, Lead, mercury, thallium and Triorthocresyl phosphate (‘IOCP) etc. Arsenic neuropathy It may be acute when a very heavy dose of arsenic has been ingested either accidentally or for medicinal purposes. In the acute phase patient… Continue Reading Toxic neuropathies – Arsenic, Lead, mercury, thallium and Triorthocresyl phosphate

Chronic neuropathies include Alcoholic, Nutritional, Leprosy and diabetes. Alcoholic polyneuritis Chronic alcoholism is important cause of polyneuritis. It occurs in alcoholics whose diet is poor in nutrition and who suffer from impaired absorption of nutrients due to chronic gastritis and chronic alcohol intake. Nerves are also damaged as a result of… Continue Reading Chronic neuropathies – Alcoholic, Nutritional, Leprosy and diabetes

Porphyric Neuropathy is the conditino in which acute intermittent porphyria may have neuropathy which is acute and resembles infective polyneuritis. The neuropathy generally occurs in younger age group patients. There is history of recurrent attacks of pain abdomen along with psychotic behavior. Precipitation of illness occurs following surgery, infection or… Continue Reading Porphyric Neuropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy – Diabetics can develop neuropathy which is classified into symmetrical and asymmetrical forms. Neuropathy in diabetics occurs in those with long standing disease with poor control of hypeiglycemia and is related to severity of diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy can be classified as: (a) Symmetric 1. Diffuse distal primarily sensory… Continue Reading Diabetic Neuropathy (autonomic, asymmetric, Mono neuritis, Cranial)

Poliomyelitis is an acute infectious disease caused by the Poliovirus belonging to entero virus family and produces a wide variety of symptoms ranging from muscular paralysis, non-paralytic illness to meningeal involvement. Poliomyelitis occurs in both sporadic and epidemic manner. Its maximum incidence is in temperate countries. The seasonal incidence is in the… Continue Reading Poliomyelitis – Spinal form, Bulbar Form, Polio encephalitis , Post polio syndrome

Peripheral neuropathy implies disorder of peripheral nerves which may be affected by various disorders (immunologic, metabolic, toxic, infectious, hereditary and degenerative). It may be acute, sub acute and chronic. A peripheral nerve is composed of bundles of nerve fibers, the central axons invested around by schwann cells. Mainly there are… Continue Reading Peripheral Neuropathy (immunologic, toxic, infectious, hereditary & degenerative)