Autoimmune hepatitis is liver inflammation that occurs when your body’s immune system turns against liver cells. The exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is unclear, but genetic and environmental factors appear to interact over time in triggering the disease. Hepatitis which generally involves young women who are well nourished with moon… Continue Reading Autoimmune Hepatitis: Types and Treatment

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a chronic autoimmune mediated inflammatory disease of the thyroid which generally involves females in the age group of 40- 50 years. There is diffuse enlargement of the gland which may be firm and sometimes rubbery to hard in consistency. Sometimes the gland enlarges asymmetrically with the pyramidal lobe… Continue Reading Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (lymphadenoid or autoimmune thyroiditis)

Autoimmune disorders – An agent capable of stimulating immune response is known as antigen. It may be a protein, polysaccharide or a complex lipid. There are two kinds of immune responses. Humoral immune response involved in the production of antibodies and cellular immunity in which incompetent cells react directly against… Continue Reading Autoimmune disorders or diseases

Polymyositis and dermatomyositis are uncommon systemic rheumatic disorders characterized by inflammatory and degenerative changes in the muscles (polymyositis) or in the skin and muscles (dermatomyositis). Polymyositis is a disease of muscle featuring inflammation of the muscle fibers. The cause of the disease is not known. It begins when white blood… Continue Reading What is Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare disease that results from blood vessel inflammation (“vasculitis”) causing injury to organ systems. The areas most commonly affected by PAN include the nerves, intestinal tract, heart, and joints. PAN can also affect the blood vessels to the kidney resulting in high blood pressure and… Continue Reading Polyarteritis Nodosa: Diagnosis and Treatment

Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue with multi-system involvement and usually proceeds by remissions and relapses. It may begin insidiously or acutely and subacutely. Many cases present with arthralgia for months before characteristic rashes appear and suspicion about the disease is entertained. Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)… Continue Reading Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)

Connective tissue disease refers to a group of disorders involving the protein-rich tissue that supports organs and other parts of the body. Examples of connective tissue are fat, bone, and cartilage. These disorders often involve the joints, muscles, and skin, but they can also involve other organs and organ systems,… Continue Reading What is Connective tissue disorders

It is a chronic progressive inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, distinguished by the involvement of sacroiliac joints, synovial and spinal joints and the adjacent soft tissues. There may be associated involvement of peripheral joints and extra-articular structures. It is often referred to as rheumatoid spondylitis (Bambo spine). The disease is… Continue Reading Ankylosing spondylitis (marie-strupell disease)

Lumbar spondylosis comprises degenerative disorder of the lumbo sacral region of the spine and is referred to as lumbago, sciatica or prolapse intravertebral disc (PID). There is intervertebial disc degeneration osteophyte formation and pain in low back, radiating down to lower extremities. The spinal column is well adapted to various wears… Continue Reading Lumbar spondylosis