Immunological agents include products for both – active immunization i.e. vaccines, as well as passive immunization i.e. immunoglobulins. Vaccines are formulations containing live or killed pathogens, their subunits or their toxins, minus their virulence. Currently available immunization schedule for children Vaccines may be classified into different types based upon the… Continue Reading Immunization schedule for children

Success of vaccination in an individual child is assessed by sero-conversion (development of adequate antibody titers), while success of a vaccine or vaccination program is indicated by seroconversion rate or decrease in incidence of disease, among inoculated population. Important determinants of Immunization effectiveness include — a) Dose and immunogenicity of… Continue Reading Immunization effectiveness

Since the global eradication of small pox from May 8th, 1980, Immunizations for children has been established as the most cost- effective preventive measure against infectious diseases. Immunizations for children may be defined as ‘induction of specific immune response’ by either — a) Deliberate inoculation of irnmunogens to stimulate in… Continue Reading Immunizations for children

Hypermagnesemia – Although clinical severity may not correlate with serum levels, the term Hypomagnesemia denotes S. magnesium levels < 1.3 mg/dl. Causes Hypomagnesemia frequently co-exists with hypocalcaemia, usually due to impaired absorption or increased urinary losses. Clinical manifestations: Hypomagnesemia induces skeletal resistance to PTH, leading to hypocalcaemia. Consequently, hypomagnesaemia and… Continue Reading Hypermagnesemia