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Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency – Cobalamin is a cobalt-containing vitamin, essential for nucleic acid metabolism and myelin formation. (Cyancobalamin is the therapeutic preparation, used to treat Vitamin B1, deficiency). Widely present in animal sources, Vitamin B12 is absent in plant foods, but may be endogenously synthesized by colonic bacteria. Vitamin B12 absorption requires hydrolysis by gastric acid […]

Vitamin A deficiency (VAD), till recently, was the commonest cause of preventable blindness in Indian children. Although the prevalence of severe disease has markedly declined in recent years due to preventive supplementation programs, sub clinical Vitamin A deficiency continues to be a major public health problem, with an estimated prevalence of —1-3% in pre-school children. […]

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Scurvy is well-defined acute manifestation of Vitamin C deficiency, though mild or sub clinical deficiency states may present with impaired wound healing, bleeding gums, mild anemia and increased susceptibility for infections. Physiology Vitamin C or Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin, essential for synthesis of — a) normal collagen by incorporating proline and hydroxyproline, and […]

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Nutritive value of Indian foods – Due to marked geographic variations in India, It is important to consider local food preferences, availability and affordability, while offering nutritional counseling. Nutritive value of Indian foods are discussed here. All protein and caloric values in the following discussion are given as in 100 gm or ml of foodstuff, […]

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Digestion process

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Digestion process

The digestion process in a body begins a little before food particles goes in the body. Even before the intake of food, the aroma or sight of food causes salivation. The digestion process starts when the food goes in the mouth and the teeth start breaking the food component in small pieces. These pieces get mixed […]

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