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Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) is a disease of unknown etiology and is of worldwide distribution. Women are affected more as compared to men (3: 1) and are usually seen after the age of 30 years. Its onset in childhood is unusual. It is characterized by thickening and fibrosis of the skin, obliterative lesions of the arterioles […]

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Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue with multi-system involvement and usually proceeds by remissions and relapses. It may begin insidiously or acutely and subacutely. Many cases present with arthralgia for months before characteristic rashes appear and suspicion about the disease is entertained. Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is widely prevalent all over […]

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Connective Tissue Disorders are a group of disorders which are characterized by arthralgia, arthritis, myositis, raynauds phenomenon and skin lesions. There is multi system involvement with fibrinoid degeneration of connective tissue. Most Connective Tissue Disorders are common in women and these include systemic lupus erythematosis and Sjogren’s syndrome while in men vasculatides are more common. Characteristic features […]

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It is a chronic progressive inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, distinguished by the involvement of sacroiliac joints, synovial and spinal joints and the adjacent soft tissues. There may be associated involvement of peripheral joints and extra-articular structures. It is often referred to as rheumatoid spondylitis (Bambo spine). The disease is characterized by long intermittent course […]

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Lumbar spondylosis

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Lumbar spondylosis comprises degenerative disorder of the lumbo sacral region of the spine and is referred to as lumbago, sciatica or prolapse intravertebral disc (PID). There is intervertebial disc degeneration osteophyte formation and pain in low back, radiating down to lower extremities. The spinal column is well adapted to various wears and tears of daily existence. […]

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Spondylosis – Degenerative changes in the spine are commonest cause of diseases of spinal cord and nerve roots after the age of 50 years. Majority of elders have asymptomatic picture and diagnosis rests often on radiological studies. Degenerative changes in the spine predominantly in cervical and lumbar regions are associated with osteophyte formation, degeneration of […]

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Gout is a disorder of purine metabolism which is characterized by increased urate levels in the blood, recurrent attacks of acute arthritis and deposition of monosodium urate monohydrate in and around the joints. These vary from 2-7 mg/dl and levels above 7.0 mgldl in men and 6.0 mg/dl in women denotes hyperuricaemia. The incidence of gout […]

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Osteoarthritis is a slowly evolving chronic degenerative disease which disables people in mid forties, is widely prevalent all over the world and is characterized by pain and discomfort round big joints making the life of individual miserable. It is a continuous process of aging where the normal repair mechanism of the joint is not able […]

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Reiters disease

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Reiters disease is a reactive form of arthritis characterized by a triad of seronegative arthritis, urethritis and conjunctivitis. Young adult males are commonly affected and the disease is rare in females. Its incidence is highest in 3rd and fourth decades. Most of the patient of the diseases are HLA-B27 positive. Two types of the Reiters disease […]

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Viral arthritis

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Viral arthritis – A number of viral diseases ranging from Rubella, Hepatitis B, Chikungunya to mumps, entero virususes and adenovimses may produce a mild form of arthritis without any destructive changes in the joint. In rubella, arthritis which involves primarily small joints of the hands and wrist follows a few days after the appearance of […]

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