Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue with multi-system involvement and usually proceeds by remissions and relapses. It may begin insidiously or acutely and subacutely. Many cases present with arthralgia for months before characteristic rashes appear and suspicion about the disease is entertained. Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)… Continue Reading Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)

Connective tissue disease refers to a group of disorders involving the protein-rich tissue that supports organs and other parts of the body. Examples of connective tissue are fat, bone, and cartilage. These disorders often involve the joints, muscles, and skin, but they can also involve other organs and organ systems,… Continue Reading What is Connective tissue disorders

It is a chronic progressive inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, distinguished by the involvement of sacroiliac joints, synovial and spinal joints and the adjacent soft tissues. There may be associated involvement of peripheral joints and extra-articular structures. It is often referred to as rheumatoid spondylitis (Bambo spine). The disease is… Continue Reading Ankylosing spondylitis (marie-strupell disease)

Lumbar spondylosis comprises degenerative disorder of the lumbo sacral region of the spine and is referred to as lumbago, sciatica or prolapse intravertebral disc (PID). There is intervertebial disc degeneration osteophyte formation and pain in low back, radiating down to lower extremities. The spinal column is well adapted to various wears… Continue Reading Lumbar spondylosis

Spondylosis – Degenerative changes in the spine are commonest cause of diseases of spinal cord and nerve roots after the age of 50 years. Majority of elders have asymptomatic picture and diagnosis rests often on radiological studies. Degenerative changes in the spine predominantly in cervical and lumbar regions are associated… Continue Reading Spondylosis – etiology, features, diagnosis, treatment

Gout is a disorder of purine metabolism which is characterized by increased urate levels in the blood, recurrent attacks of acute arthritis and deposition of monosodium urate monohydrate in and around the joints. These vary from 2-7 mg/dl and levels above 7.0 mgldl in men and 6.0 mg/dl in women denotes… Continue Reading Gout – features, pathology, diagnosis, investigations, treatment

Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic condition of the joints, affecting approximately 27 million Americans. It can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in knees, hips, lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe.  It is a slowly evolving… Continue Reading Osteoarthritis – Etiology, clinical factors and treatment