Category Archives: Diseases & Conditions

Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis)

Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) is a disease of unknown etiology and is of worldwide distribution. Women are affected more as compared to men (3: 1) and are usually seen after the age of 30 years. Its onset in childhood is unusual. It is characterized by thickening and fibrosis of the skin, obliterative lesions of the arterioles… Read More »

Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)

Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue with multi-system involvement and usually proceeds by remissions and relapses. It may begin insidiously or acutely and subacutely. Many cases present with arthralgia for months before characteristic rashes appear and suspicion about the disease is entertained. Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is widely prevalent all over… Read More »

Connective Tissue Disorders

Connective Tissue Disorders are a group of disorders which are characterized by arthralgia, arthritis, myositis, raynauds phenomenon and skin lesions. There is multi system involvement with fibrinoid degeneration of connective tissue. Most Connective Tissue Disorders are common in women and these include systemic lupus erythematosis and Sjogren’s syndrome while in men vasculatides are more common. Characteristic features… Read More »

Ankylosing spondylitis (marie-strupell disease)

It is a chronic progressive inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, distinguished by the involvement of sacroiliac joints, synovial and spinal joints and the adjacent soft tissues. There may be associated involvement of peripheral joints and extra-articular structures. It is often referred to as rheumatoid spondylitis (Bambo spine). The disease is characterized by long intermittent course… Read More »

Lumbar spondylosis

Lumbar spondylosis comprises degenerative disorder of the lumbo sacral region of the spine and is referred to as lumbago, sciatica or prolapse intravertebral disc (PID). There is intervertebial disc degeneration osteophyte formation and pain in low back, radiating down to lower extremities. The spinal column is well adapted to various wears and tears of daily existence.… Read More »

Reiters disease

Reiters disease is a reactive form of arthritis characterized by a triad of seronegative arthritis, urethritis and conjunctivitis. Young adult males are commonly affected and the disease is rare in females. Its incidence is highest in 3rd and fourth decades. Most of the patient of the diseases are HLA-B27 positive. Two types of the Reiters disease… Read More »

Viral arthritis

Viral arthritis – A number of viral diseases ranging from Rubella, Hepatitis B, Chikungunya to mumps, entero virususes and adenovimses may produce a mild form of arthritis without any destructive changes in the joint. In rubella, arthritis which involves primarily small joints of the hands and wrist follows a few days after the appearance of… Read More »