Encephalitis lethargica made its first appearance in 1915 in the form of a wide spread epidemic and many epidemics of the disease occurred round about that period. Now the disease is seen in sporadic form. Encephalitis lethargica involves all age groups and both sexes. There is a seasonal incidence of the disease… Continue Reading Encephalitis lethargica – causes, diagnosis and treatment

Japanese encephalitis is a non contagious, mosquito transmitted disease caused by a flavavirus and is the most common causes of epidemic encephalitis in India. It mainly affects young adults and children. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a zoonotic illness with man as a dead end. The natural host is the pig and the… Continue Reading Japanese encephalitis – causes, diagnosis and treatment

Acute viral encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the nervous system where brain, brain stem or cerebellum is involved due to a virus; It may be primary or post infectious. Primary form occurs when there is direct invasion or replication of virus in the nervous system while post infectious follows either… Continue Reading Acute viral encephalitis – Diagnosis and treatment

Cerebrovascular disease constitute one of the commonest forms of disorders of central nervous system involving cerebral vessels. These disorders come suddenly and interfere with the blood supply of the brain leading to neurological damage. The incidence of these disorders is on the rise and persons with uncontrolled diabetes, hypertension and heavy… Continue Reading Cerebrovascular disease

Cerebral hemorrhage in the brain may be intracerebral, subarachnoid or intraventricular. The commonest cause of an intracerebral hemorrhage is rupture of an atheromatous artery in a person suffering from hypertension which in most of the cases is uncontrolled. Factor of degeneration of the cerebral blood vessels along with fluctuations of blood… Continue Reading Cerebral hemorrhage