Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue with multi-system involvement and usually proceeds by remissions and relapses. It may begin insidiously or acutely and subacutely. Many cases present with arthralgia for months before characteristic rashes appear and suspicion about the disease is entertained. Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)… Continue Reading Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)

Connective Tissue Disorders are a group of disorders which are characterized by arthralgia, arthritis, myositis, raynauds phenomenon and skin lesions. There is multi system involvement with fibrinoid degeneration of connective tissue. Most Connective Tissue Disorders are common in women and these include systemic lupus erythematosis and Sjogren’s syndrome while in men vasculatides… Continue Reading Connective Tissue Disorders

It is a chronic progressive inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, distinguished by the involvement of sacroiliac joints, synovial and spinal joints and the adjacent soft tissues. There may be associated involvement of peripheral joints and extra-articular structures. It is often referred to as rheumatoid spondylitis (Bambo spine). The disease is… Continue Reading Ankylosing spondylitis (marie-strupell disease)

Lumbar spondylosis comprises degenerative disorder of the lumbo sacral region of the spine and is referred to as lumbago, sciatica or prolapse intravertebral disc (PID). There is intervertebial disc degeneration osteophyte formation and pain in low back, radiating down to lower extremities. The spinal column is well adapted to various wears… Continue Reading Lumbar spondylosis

Spondylosis – Degenerative changes in the spine are commonest cause of diseases of spinal cord and nerve roots after the age of 50 years. Majority of elders have asymptomatic picture and diagnosis rests often on radiological studies. Degenerative changes in the spine predominantly in cervical and lumbar regions are associated… Continue Reading Spondylosis – etiology, features, diagnosis, treatment

Gout is a disorder of purine metabolism which is characterized by increased urate levels in the blood, recurrent attacks of acute arthritis and deposition of monosodium urate monohydrate in and around the joints. These vary from 2-7 mg/dl and levels above 7.0 mgldl in men and 6.0 mg/dl in women denotes… Continue Reading Gout – features, pathology, diagnosis, investigations, treatment

Osteoarthritis is a slowly evolving chronic degenerative disease which disables people in mid forties, is widely prevalent all over the world and is characterized by pain and discomfort round big joints making the life of individual miserable. It is a continuous process of aging where the normal repair mechanism of… Continue Reading Osteoarthritis – factors, pathology, clinical picture, diagnosis, treatment