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Diseases & Conditions

Tuberculous arthritis

Tuberculous arthritis is a slowly growing form of disease and causes a monoarticular form of arthritis which involves either young or elderly people. It is as a result of reactivation of primary tubercular focus elsewhere in the body. Commonly the knee, hip, wrist or ankle joint is involved. There is low …

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Gonococcal Meningococcal arthritis

Gonococcal arthritis  is an important form of arthritis which involves young adults of either sex who indulge in sexual abuse. About 2-5% of those suffering from gonorrhoea develop this complication. Clinically patient presents with fever, mild inflammatory asymmetrical polyarthritis with migratory joint paths. There is painful tenosynovitis. The joints mainly …

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Rheumatoid arthritis – diagnosis, pathology, features and treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic immune-inflammatory disease which affects peripheral joints in a symmetrical manner producing inflammatory changes, with cartilage destruction, bony erosions and resultant bone deformities and systemic manifestations which occur in a fair percentage of cases. The prevalence of the disease is worldwide and approximately one percent of …

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Rheumatology and Diseases of Joints

Rheumatology comprises diseases which primarily affect joints and connective tissue consisting mainly of skin and tendons. It is a multi system involvement and has diseases which have common properties and one feature common in all of them is that symptoms or findings are referable to the joints or adjacent tissues at …

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Occupational dystonia (writers cramp)

Occupational dystonia is one form of focal dystonia where dystonic postures and movements occur while performing a specific act. The most important example is writers cramp. It is because of the habitual use of one set of muscles and their repetitive use. The symptoms are local pain in the muscle concerned, …

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Torsion Dystonia

Torsion Dystonia has been defined as a syndrome characterized by sustained involuntary movements causing torsion, twisting and repetitive movements resulting in bizarre or abnormal postures of the limb and trunk. Depending on the part of body affected, Dystonia may be focal (affecting single body part) segmental (two or more body …

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Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease)

Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease) is a rare hereditary disease which occurs in autosomal dominant form and is characterized by prolonged tonic contraction and delayed relaxation of muscles which is noticeable at the beginning and end of activity. The disease is usually observed in childhood but in many it shows up in …

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Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE)

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a disease of young children and adults caused by measles virus or a virus very closely related to it. The disease is more frequent in boys as compared to girls and generally starts in patients below the age of 10. It has insidious onset with a …

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