Gonococcal arthritis  is an important form of arthritis which involves young adults of either sex who indulge in sexual abuse. About 2-5% of those suffering from gonorrhoea develop this complication. Clinically patient presents with fever, mild inflammatory asymmetrical polyarthritis with migratory joint paths. There is painful tenosynovitis. The joints mainly… Continue Reading Gonococcal Meningococcal arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis occurring in children below 14 years of age constitutes Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis and is part of the disease process which goes ultimately into the adult from of disease. It may appear at any age in childhood but most cases are seen between 1-5 years of age, girls being… Continue Reading Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis & Non-gonococcal acute infectious arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic immune-inflammatory disease which affects peripheral joints in a symmetrical manner producing inflammatory changes, with cartilage destruction, bony erosions and resultant bone deformities and systemic manifestations which occur in a fair percentage of cases. The prevalence of the disease is worldwide and approximately one percent of… Continue Reading Rheumatoid arthritis – diagnosis, pathology, features and treatment

Rheumatology comprises diseases which primarily affect joints and connective tissue consisting mainly of skin and tendons. It is a multi system involvement and has diseases which have common properties and one feature common in all of them is that symptoms or findings are referable to the joints or adjacent tissues at… Continue Reading Rheumatology and Diseases of Joints

Dementia may be defined as a chronic organic disorder which is characterized by deterioration in mental functions, primarily affecting thought and memory and secondarily in abnormalities of personality, higher cortical functions and conduct. Dementia is a disorder which is gradual in onset and has a progressive course. With the increase in… Continue Reading Dementia (Alzheimer, Picks disease, Vascular, Toxic) – causes & treatment

Occupational dystonia is one form of focal dystonia where dystonic postures and movements occur while performing a specific act. The most important example is writers cramp. It is because of the habitual use of one set of muscles and their repetitive use. The symptoms are local pain in the muscle concerned,… Continue Reading Occupational dystonia (writers cramp)

Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease) is a rare hereditary disease which occurs in autosomal dominant form and is characterized by prolonged tonic contraction and delayed relaxation of muscles which is noticeable at the beginning and end of activity. The disease is usually observed in childhood but in many it shows up in… Continue Reading Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease)