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Diseases & Conditions

Tumors of the Spinal Cord

Tumors of the spinal cord are divided into extradural and intradural. Intradural tumors are further subdivided into extramedullary (arising outside the spinal cord) and intramedullary (arising within the cord). Common extra medullary tumors are neurofibroma, meningiomas sarcomas, lipomas, chordomas and teratomas while intramedullgy tumours comprise of ependyomas, spongioblastothas medulloblastomas, oligodendrogliomas, …

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Syringomyelia – symptoms and treatment

Syringomyelia is a chronic disorder characterized pathologically by the formation of a cavity situated in relation to the central canal in the spinal cord and extending to the medulla (syringobulbia). The condition may be congenital or acquired. Both sexes are affected equally but males are more affected than females. Congenital syringomyelia …

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Compression of the spinal cord

The spinal cord is compressed due to a number of causes ranging from diseases of the vertebral column, spinal tumors and inflammation of the meninges. In compression the lumen of the spinal canal is reduced resulting in injury at the site of compression either directly or indirectly due to interference …

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Paraplegia and its investigation

It means paralysis of the lower limbs and is caused by lesions at various sites starting from cerebral cortex to spinal cord. Thus the causes of paraplegia can be classified as follows: 1. Cerebral cortex (a) Tumor of falx cerebrie (Menigioma) (b) Thrombosis of the superior sagittal sinus (c) Congenital …

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Anaphylactic reaction

Anaphylactic reaction is acute, life-threatening IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction, provoked by variety of injected, inhaled or ingested foreign substances. Note that the term anaphylactic reaction denotes clinically similar reactions to certain agents e.g. radid-contrast dyes, which are not immunologically mediated. Causes Common precipitating agents for anaphylactic reaction are shown on many sites online, …

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Complement deficiency

Complement deficiency are rarely congenital, seen more commonly as acquired defects due to — a) Deficient production e.g. in newborns, PEM and chronic liver diseases, b) Defective function e.g. in sickle cell disease, c) Increased consumption or loss e.g. in septicemia, bums, SLE and nephrotic syndrome. Clinical features Clinically, complement deficiency …

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Allergic Rhinitis – causes, symptoms, treatment

In allergic rhinitis, there is inflation of the mucous membranes of the nose due to exposure to an inhaled allergenic trigger. Allergic rhinitis is becoming more common with increasing urbanization and industrialization. It is being considered as serious global health issue, affecting human productivity and quality of life.20-25 per cent …

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