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Diseases & Conditions

Dehydration in children

Dehydration in children denotes loss of TBW from extracellular and! or intracellular compartments, due to reduced intake or more likely, excessive losses via urine, stools, lungs or skin. As these losses are predominantly from ECF compartment, ECF dehydration is dominates in early stages. ICE dehydration usually develops after redistribution of …

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Rickets – causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Rickets is defined as failure of mineralization of the growing bones, which should not be confused with osteomalacia i.e. defective mineralization of mature bones, or osteoporosis i.e. de-mineralization of pre-mineralized bones. Rickets may be broadly divided into two categories Vitamin D deficiency or nutritional rickets, and Vitamin D-resistant or refractory …

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Vitamin E deficiency

Vitamin E deficiency – Vitamin E is a group of natural fat-soluble compounds – ct-tocoferols. Physiology Vitamin E is an important anti-oxidant (free-radical scavenger) as well as involved in nucleic acid metabolism and stabilization of cellular membranes. It is widely distributed in vegetable oils,fats and nuts, specially those rich in polyunsaturated fatty …

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Autistic spectrum disorder

The term autistic or pervasive development disorders denotes a spectrum of clinically similar disorders with variable severity, all characterized by a triad of  impaired social interaction, impaired verbal & nonverbal communication, and rigid, repetitive or obsessive behavior. While childhood Autistic spectrum disorder (Infantile autism) is the prototype of this spectrum, …

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Kwashiorkor and Marasmus

Clinical spectrum of Protein energy malnutrition is a continuum, ranging from borderline growth delay to well-defined syndromes of Kwashiorkor and Marasmus. Within this spectrum, many other terms are used to denote clinical variations e.g. Prekwashiorkor, Marasmic kwashiorkor (MK), Nutritional dwarfism etc. Broadly, clinical presentations of Protein energy malnutrition may be divided into …

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Cystic teratoma

The Cystic teratoma is an encapsulated tumor that can be available in benign or malignant form. The histology of this tumor reveals the presence of tissue and organ component and it contains derivation of the three fundamental germ layers found in the human body. In most cases, it is easy to …

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Spinal cord diseases

The spinal cord diseases are one of the most common kinds of problems faced by the humans. The spinal cord which lies within the vertebral column begins from the foramen magnum where it is continuous with the medulla oblongata and extends down to the level of first or second lumbar …

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What are the symptoms of brain tumor

What are the symptoms of brain tumor? Brain tumors located at various sites in the brain can be pinpointed by their location by various signs and symptoms peculiar to that region of the brain. Thus it is important to understand these localizing signs. Frontal lobe Pre-frontal tumors are those confined …

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