Category Archives: Forensic Medicine

Algor mortis

The Algor Mortis (chill of death or cooling of dead body) is a complex process, which does not occur at the same rate throughout the body. After stoppage of circulation, convectional transport of heat inside the body stops. The postmortem rate of heat production by anaerobic glycolysis is very low. With the start of Algor… Read More »

Vagal inhibition

Vagal inhibition is condition that causes sudden death to occur within seconds or a minute or two due to minor trauma or relatively simple and harmless peripheral stimulation. Pressure on the baroreceptors situated in the carotid sinuses, carotid sheaths, and the carotid body (located in the internal carotid artery just above the bifurcation of common carotid… Read More »

Somatic death

Somatic death is the complete and irreversible stoppage of the circulation, respiration and brain functions (Bishop’s tripod of life), but there is no legal definition of death. The question of death is important in resuscitation and organ transplantation. As long as circulation of oxygenated blood is maintained to the brain stem, life exists. Whether the person… Read More »

Brain stem death

Brain Stem  is where the cerebrum may be intact, though cut off functionally by the stem lesion. The loss of the vital centers that control respiration, and of the ascending reticular activating system that sustains consciousness, cause the victim to be irreversibly comatose and incapable of spontaneous breathing. This can be produced by raised intracranial… Read More »

Human dissection in forensics

Human dissection plays an important role in the medical science, especially in identifying the cause of death of an individual. The results of this play an important role in forensic science. Today, with the help of latest technology, human dissection of body parts has become much simpler, yet very efficient. Human dissection of head A… Read More »

Air embolism in human autopsy

If air embolism is suspected while doing human autopsy, the head should be opened first and the surface vessels of the brain examined for gas bubbles, which must be prominent and definite, but not segmental breakup of the blood in the vessels with collapsed segments between. Care should be taken to avoid pulling the sternum… Read More »

Forensic dentistry

Forensic dentistry deals with the science of dentistry to aid in the administration of justice, Dental identification depends mainly upon comparison between records of the missing persons and the findings in the bodies in relation to Restorative work, Unusual features and Comparison of ante-mortem with postmortem X-rays. The following particulars should be noted : The number,… Read More »

Human bite in forensics

Human bite is usually semicircular or crescentic, caused by the front teeth (incisors and canines), with a gap at either side due to the separation of upper and lower jaw. The teeth may cause clear, separate marks or form a continuous or intermittently broken line. Bite marks may be abrasions, contusions or lacerations or a… Read More »