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Drugs & Meds

DPT vaccine and its side effects

DPT vaccine (Triple vaccine) is a combination vaccine against three diseases – Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis. Currently, DPT is also Commercially available as combination vaccines with HBV and/or HIB vaccine. Two other related vaccines are – DT (devoid of pertusis component), and DTaP (containing only acellular component of pertusis bacilli). …

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Amebiasis treatment

Amebiasis is a parasitic disease that is very common in developing countries. Some people in the United States of America also show signs of the disease, if they have been travelling to the developing countries in the past. On the other hand, immigrants from developing countries may also be infected …

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Anticonvulsants

Anticonvulsants are described as a group of pharmaceutical medicines, that are administered to various patients suffering from epileptic seizures. According to recent information, various anticonvulsants are being used in the treatment of bipolar disorder. These drugs have a mood stabilizing action and the main function of these medicines is to …

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Lumbar puncture

Lumbar puncture is one of the earliest tests employed in neurological disorders. Lumbar puncture needle is introduced in the inter vertebral space between second and third lumbar vertebrae and cerebrospinal fluid collected. CSF is examined for its color, biochemical examination and cytology. Before doing lumbar puncture, fundus examination be done to …

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Glucocorticoids medications

Glucocorticoids medications therapy will cause adrenal suppression. This affects adrenal function for up to 12 months. However, the patient’s stress response will return within 14 to 30 days. So a dentist should take care of following points during dental procedures: There is no need for glucocorticoids medications replacement therapy for …

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Antithyroid drugs or Antithyroid medication

Antithyroid drugs or Antithyroid medication – There are several types of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurs due to over production of EU3 and Er4 by the gland itself. This responds to drug treatment or by radioactive iodine or by surgical ablation of the gland. Thyrotoxicosis results from ingestion of excessive quantities of thyroid …

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Serotonin inhibitors

Serotonin inhibitors is also known as 5-hydroxytrypta- mine (5-HT). About 90% of body’s 5-FIT content is found in the enterochromaffin cells of the intestinal wall and rest in the blood platelets and in the central nervous system. It is formed from the amino acid tryptophan. It is metabolized by mono-amine-oxidase …

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Antitussives

Antitussives – Cough is a protective reflex. It helps in the expulsion of respiratory secretion or foreign particles from air passages. Stimulation of mechano-or chemoreceptors in throat, respiratory passages or stretch receptors in the lungs leads to cough. Antitussives Cough suppressant agents are called antitussives. These drugs act: • By …

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Antiplatelet drugs

Antiplatelet drugs – It is very useful in the treatment of severe hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) and familial hypercholesterolaemia (F-HC) in whom satisfactory plasma levels of LDL-C are not achieved with single drug. The most commonly used antiplatelet drugs is aspirin. It is used chronically in very low doses (40 to 325 mg …

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Antihyperlipidemic medications

Antihyperlipidemic medications – Lipids are heterogeneous group of compounds. These are related to fatty acids. These are insoluble in water. However, these are soluble in ether and chloroform. These are of three types: a. Simple lipids: These are esters of alcohol and fatty acids. The fatty acids, present in diet, may …

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