Home / General Health (page 4)

General Health

Gonococcal Meningococcal arthritis

Gonococcal arthritis  is an important form of arthritis which involves young adults of either sex who indulge in sexual abuse. About 2-5% of those suffering from gonorrhoea develop this complication. Clinically patient presents with fever, mild inflammatory asymmetrical polyarthritis with migratory joint paths. There is painful tenosynovitis. The joints mainly …

Read More »

Disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDS)

It is now agreed that Disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) should be started early in disease i.e. within 3-6 months of onset of symptoms when patient has persistent polyarticular synovitis, joint deformity and reduction in functional capacity. Traditionally patients are put on Disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) when they fail …

Read More »

Rheumatoid arthritis – diagnosis, pathology, features and treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic immune-inflammatory disease which affects peripheral joints in a symmetrical manner producing inflammatory changes, with cartilage destruction, bony erosions and resultant bone deformities and systemic manifestations which occur in a fair percentage of cases. The prevalence of the disease is worldwide and approximately one percent of …

Read More »

Rheumatology and Diseases of Joints

Rheumatology comprises diseases which primarily affect joints and connective tissue consisting mainly of skin and tendons. It is a multi system involvement and has diseases which have common properties and one feature common in all of them is that symptoms or findings are referable to the joints or adjacent tissues at …

Read More »

Occupational dystonia (writers cramp)

Occupational dystonia is one form of focal dystonia where dystonic postures and movements occur while performing a specific act. The most important example is writers cramp. It is because of the habitual use of one set of muscles and their repetitive use. The symptoms are local pain in the muscle concerned, …

Read More »

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion Dystonia has been defined as a syndrome characterized by sustained involuntary movements causing torsion, twisting and repetitive movements resulting in bizarre or abnormal postures of the limb and trunk. Depending on the part of body affected, Dystonia may be focal (affecting single body part) segmental (two or more body …

Read More »

Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease)

Myotonia congenita (Thomsen’s disease) is a rare hereditary disease which occurs in autosomal dominant form and is characterized by prolonged tonic contraction and delayed relaxation of muscles which is noticeable at the beginning and end of activity. The disease is usually observed in childhood but in many it shows up in …

Read More »