Cerebral palsy has been defined as “persistent and non-progressive disorder of posture and movement due to an insult sustained by the developing brain”. Developmental and genetic factors are responsible in large percentage of cases (90%) while only 10% of cases are due to intra partum damage. It is a developmental… Continue Reading Cerebral Palsy – features, diagnosis and treatment

Atalantoaxial dislocation may be congenital due to abnormal development (non-fusion of odontoid with the axis, agenesis of odontoid or transverse ligament of the atlas) or acquired following trauma like sudden flexion of the neck or may follow vertebral tuberculosis, rheumatid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. In the atlanto axial joint, the odontoid… Continue Reading Atalantoaxial dislocation

Klippel-Feil syndrome constitutes fusion of bodies of some crevical vertebrae or their spines with or without other skeletal abnormalities. The neurological abnormalities are attributed to other abnormality of the skeleton such as hemivertebrae, kyphoscoliosis. There is maldevelopment of neuraxis or nuclear agenesis. Clinically patient has short neck, low hair line… Continue Reading Klippel-Feil syndrome

Cranio vertebral anomalies of the nervous system may be congenital or acquired. These are known to occur at any age and in both the sexes and constitute more than half of all congenital anomalies. The aetiology of these malformations is not well understood but both genetic and environmental factors play… Continue Reading Craniovertebral Anomalies of The Nervous System

Multiple sclerosis is the commonest demyelinating disorder and usually presents with recurrent attacks of focal neurological defects involving various parts of the central nervous sysem (optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem and cerebrum). The attacks occur, remit and recur over a number of years producing a chronic disabling disorder of the… Continue Reading Multiple sclerosis (MS) demyelinating disorder – features, diagnosis and treatment

In this group are neuropathies which are as a result of toxic substances like Arsenic, Lead, mercury, thallium and Triorthocresyl phosphate (‘IOCP) etc. Arsenic neuropathy It may be acute when a very heavy dose of arsenic has been ingested either accidentally or for medicinal purposes. In the acute phase patient… Continue Reading Toxic neuropathies – Arsenic, Lead, mercury, thallium and Triorthocresyl phosphate