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Thrombolytic medications are used to dissolve clot in vivo. To break thrombi, these drugs degrade fibrin by activating plasminogen to form plasmin. 1. Streptokinase thrombolytic medications: It is a protein and is synthesized by beta-haemolytic streptococci. It is employed in the treatment of life-threatening venous thrombosis and in pulmonary embolism. It is given by intravenous [...]

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Antiplatelet medications - The flow of blood may be reduced, if a thrombus (clot) is formed in a blood vessel. Thrombosis may decrease or block the flow of blood to vital organs like brain, lung, heart or kidney and the condition may be fatal. Each thrombus consists of white thrombus (platelets) surrounded by red thrombus (fibrin [...]

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Plasma expanders

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Plasma expanders – Shock is a state of acute circulatory failure. It is mainly due to reduced blood volume (hypovolemia). It is, therefore, essential to restore the intravascular blood volume as quickly as possible by intravenous fluid therapy. The various types of fluids used for replacement are: 1. Whole blood and plasma 2. Plasma substitutes [...]

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Thrombolytic therapy

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Thrombolytic therapy is used to dissolve clot in vivo. To break thrombi, these drugs degrade fibrin by activating plasminogen to form plasmin. 1. Streptokinase: It is used in Thrombolytic therapy and is a protein and is synthesized by beta-haemolytic streptococci. It is employed in the treatment of life-threatening venous thrombosis and in pulmonary embolism. It [...]

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Antipyretic drugs

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Antipyretic drugs are applied in order to reduce fever. These will not be effective, if the individual does not have fever. Antipyretic drugs target the hypothalamus, in order to override an interleukin induced fever. The term antipyretic means “preventing or alleviating fever”. In common terms, it means that the medicine can lower body temperature in order to [...]

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According to various medical sources, ibuprofen antipyretic is an agent that is used in order to reduce the symptoms associated with fever. The ibuprofen antipyretic drug is mostly administered to children who are suffering from various medical problems. In the earlier days, paracetamol was mostly used in order to reduce fever symptoms. But it has [...]

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Define antipyretic

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Various medical sources define antipyretic as medicine that lowers the body temperature in order to prevent or alleviate fever. It has been found to be effective in preventing or alleviating fever. Various types of antipyretics drugs that reduce body temperature are also used as pain relieving drugs.  Ibuprofen and paracetamol are some of the most [...]

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Cyanocobalamin

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Cyanocobalamin is synthesized by certain micro-organisms in the intestine lumen. Cyanocobalamin is not synthesized by animal or plants. Liver, kidney, heart, egg yolk and milk are rich sources of vitamin B12. Commercial source of it is from streptomyces greseus. The daily nutritional requirements are 3—5 tg, which must be obtained from animal by-products in the [...]

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Antiarrhythmic Drugs

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Antiarrhythmic Drugs – Cardiac arrhythmia is a disturbance of normal rhythm of the heart due to heart disease or toxic action of some Antiarrhythmic Drugs. Arrhythmia may occur either due to defect in the impulse generation (abnormal impulse formation, ectopic) or due to abnormal propagation of impulse generation (conduction defect, circus or re-entry mechanism). Sometimes [...]

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Antianginal Drugs

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Antianginal Drugs – Heart supplies blood to all parts of the body. However, it gets its own supply of blood through the coronary arteries (4% of cardiac output; oxygen extraction 75% in comparison to 25% in the systemic circulation). The coronary flow of blood occurs during the diastole only. Angina pectoris is a clinical condition [...]

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