Top feeding means feeding of milks other than the breast milk in early infancy, should be strictly discouraged. However, it may be necessary in rare instances of true lactation failure, maternal death/serious sickness, or any absolute/relative contraindication for Breast feeding. Top feeding may be loosely classified as exclusive top-feeding, or… Continue Reading Top feeding – Other than breast milk

BM is species-spec jfic i.e. quantitatively and qualitatively most appropriate for human baby. Apart from nutritional superiority, Advantages of breast feeding are many for the baby, mother, family and even to the community, Nutritional superiority in advantages of breast feeding BM is easily digestible and contains all essential nutrients in… Continue Reading Advantages of breast feeding

Essential Nutrients are the active principles in diet, each with various functions and metabolic patterns. Essential Nutrients may be classified as β€” a) Macro nutrients or proximate principles like proteins, fats and carbohydrates. b) Micro-nutrients like Vitamins and minerals. Proteins, which constitute β€”20% of body weight, are important source of… Continue Reading Essential Nutrients in children

Nutritional Requirements is a dynamic process to supply adequate nourishment for survival, growth & development, repair and creation of future reserves. Weight-wise, nutritional requirements of children are relatively higher than in adults due to active growth, building of stores, higher basal metabolic rate and more pronounced physical activity. BASIC CONSIDERATIONS… Continue Reading Nutritional Requirements

Normal child development is the essence of childhood that leads to transition of a fertilized ovum into an independent adult through different stages of anatomical growth and physiological maturation. The terms growth and development are not interchangeable, though both processes are frequently interdependent. It is β€œan anatomical process involving increase… Continue Reading Normal child development

Physical Child growth is evident by chronological changes in β€” a) General body size and appearance i.e. anthropometric indicators, b) Specific features e.g. dentition and skeletal maturation, and c) Internal body composition. Despite individual variations, most of these changes follow a predictable pattern, and any significant deviation from this pattern… Continue Reading Child growth