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Women Health

Essential Nutrients in children

Essential Nutrients are the active principles in diet, each with various functions and metabolic patterns. Essential Nutrients may be classified as — a) Macro nutrients or proximate principles like proteins, fats and carbohydrates. b) Micro-nutrients like Vitamins and minerals. Proteins, which constitute —20% of body weight, are important source of …

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Nutritional Requirements

Nutritional Requirements is a dynamic process to supply adequate nourishment for survival, growth & development, repair and creation of future reserves. Weight-wise, nutritional requirements of children are relatively higher than in adults due to active growth, building of stores, higher basal metabolic rate and more pronounced physical activity. BASIC CONSIDERATIONS …

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Child Guidance Clinic

Child Guidance Clinic (CGC) is a specialized health service, based on an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to deal with the behavioral problems of children and adolescents, who are not fully adjusted to their environment. The first child guidance clinic was started in Chicago in 1909. The team: Child guidance is …

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Failure to thrive

Failure to thrive (FTT) is a clinical state of growth failure due to any cause, characterized by any one or more of following features: Lack of growth i.e. weight < 3 percentile, Sustained weight loss Reduced growth velocity i.e. weight dropping at least two major percentiles below the previous values …

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Normal child development

Normal child development is the essence of childhood that leads to transition of a fertilized ovum into an independent adult through different stages of anatomical growth and physiological maturation. The terms growth and development are not interchangeable, though both processes are frequently interdependent. It is “an anatomical process involving increase …

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Child growth

Physical Child growth is evident by chronological changes in — a) General body size and appearance i.e. anthropometric indicators, b) Specific features e.g. dentition and skeletal maturation, and c) Internal body composition. Despite individual variations, most of these changes follow a predictable pattern, and any significant deviation from this pattern …

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Growth monitoring

Growth monitoring/promotion (GMP) is defined as “an operational strategy to enable mothers to visualize growth or lack of growth in their children, and to receive specific, relevant and practical guidance in ways in which she, her family and community in general can act to assure health and continued growth in …

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Growth assessment in children

Growth assessment in children is the essential part of child health surveillance, even in absence of apparent abnormality. While assessment may be considered as one-point process, Growth monitoring is more important and requires serial data e.g. Weight, to detect changes in growth parameters over a period of time. Indications for …

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Infant developmental milestones

Infant developmental milestones – Neurological development is assessed in terms of the milestones i.e. maturation of certain physical functions e.g. sitting or smiling, which are expected to be achieved by a normal child within certain age limits. They may be broadly divided into 4 major fields — 1. Gross motor …

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Developmental assessment of young children

Developmental assessment of young children is an integral part of child health checkup, even in apparently normal babies. However, the depth of assessment varies from child to child, according to perceived risk of abnormality. Indications are — a) Periodic routine child health checkup, b) Follow-up of high-risk neonates for early …

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