Functions of Indian medical association:
The Council maintains a register of medical practitioners, known as the Indian Medical Register. It contains the names of all persons who are enrolled on any State Medical Register. If the name of a person enrolled on a State Medical Register is removed from the Register, the Council also removes such person’s name from the Indian medical council Register.
The Council has the authority to prescribe standards of postgraduate medical education for the guidance of the universities. It may advise the universities in maintaining uniform standards for postgraduate medical education throughout India.
A Postgraduate Medical Education Committee, consisting of nine members is constituted for this purpose. Prior approval of Indian medical association is necessary before starting a new medical college or to increase the number of seats and a new postgraduate medical course in any discipline. If this mandatory regulation is not followed, the qualification will not be recognized by Indian medical association.
The Council maintains the standards of undergraduate medical education. The Council may prescribe the minimum standards of medical education required for granting recognized medical qualifications by universities or medical institutions in India.
It appoints Medical Inspectors to attend at any or all examinations held by universities or institutions in India, for the purpose of recommending to the Central Government, recognition of medical qualifications. The Inspectors have no power to interfere with the conduct of any training or examination.
The Inspectors report to the Council on the adequacy of the standards of medical education, including staff, equipment, accommodation, training, and other facilities prescribed for giving medical education and on the sufficiency of every examination they attended. The Council forwards a copy of any such report to the university or medical institution concerned for its remarks.
A copy with the remarks of the university or institution is sent to the Central Government. If the Council is not satisfied with the standards, it can make a representation to the Central Government to withdraw recognition of any medical qualifications of any College or University.
The Indian medical association on getting assurance for future rectifications of all deficiencies by the institution, can send its recommendation to the Central Government for reconsideration. The Central Government will again refer it to the council, which in turn will send its inspectors to visit the institutions for verifying the implementation of assurances and will send the reports accordingly.
Any university which grants a medical qualification not included in the First Schedule may apply to the Central Government to recognize the qualification. The Central Government, after consulting the Indian medical association, may by notification in the Official Gazette amend the First Schedule so as to include such qualification therein.
Recognition of Foreign Medical Qualifications
If an Indian national obtains a foreign qualification which is not included in part II of the Third Schedule, he can apply to the Central Government. The candidate is required to provide full information with regard to the course of study, syllabus, duration of the course, etc.
This is forwarded to Indian medical association, which has authority to enter into negotiations with any of the Indian medical associations of the foreign countries, and can recognize such foreign qualifications on reciprocal basis. The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend the part II of the Third Schedule so as to include such qualification therein.
Appeal Against Disciplinary Action
If the name of any person is removed from the State Medical Register, he may appeal to the Central Government, after exhausting all the remedies under the State Medical Council Act.
Every such appeal should state the grounds of the appeal and accompanied by all relevant documents within 30 days from the date of the decision appealed against. The decision of the Central Government, which is given after consulting the Indian medical association, is binding on the State Government and the State Medical Council.
The Indian medical council may prescribe standards of professional conduct and etiquette and a Code of Ethics for medical practitioners. It can issue Warning Notice containing certain practices which are regarded as falling within the meaning of the term, “serious professional misconduct.”