Although many Nutrition program in India are operational in India for high-risk children, many of them are being integrated with wider-spectrum programs i.e. ICDS. Salient features of some general nutritional programs are discussed here, while those against specific nutritional deficiencies have been discussed in relevant chapters. Applied nutrition program in India (ANP) was also started in 1962, primarily to create self-reliance at community and family level.
Objectives of ANP are —
a) To promote local food production e.g. poultry, horticulture, kitchen garden etc.
b) To provide nutritional education
c) To provide supplementary nutrition to preschool children (3-6 years) and pregnant/lactating mothers.
Organization: Program is sponsored and implemented by state governments, with local Balsevika under supervision of block development officer as implementer in the field.
Activities: Applied Nutrition program in India is a community awareness program rather than supplementary nutrition program, with emphasis on promotion of agricultural/non-agricultural food production, increased consumption of low-cost, locally grown foods and create awareness about their nutritive values.
Although one of the best conceived nutritional program, it could not achieve desire results and currently continues to be a low-priority program. Baiwadi nutrition program in India (1970-71) are implemented by voluntary organizations, with grant-in aid from social welfare ministry.
It aims to provide supplementary nutrition to rural pre-school children (3-6 years) along with pre-primary education, through Baiwadis – most peripheral center at village/community level.
Special nutrition program (1970-7 1), a state-sponsored program at present, is being gradually merged with ICDS. Primary objective of this program is provide supplementary nutrition and Vitamin A prophylaxis to pre-school children and supplementary nutrition and iron/folic acid supplementation to pregnant/lactating mothers, though a net work of Baiwadis.
Wheat-based supplementary nutrition program in India (1986), a jointly funded scheme by center & state with same objectives and beneficiary group as for special nutrition program, was initially started to cover nonICDS areas with one difference — use of subsidized wheat from public distribution system for supplementary nutrition. However, it is also being gradually incorporated under ICDS.