Documentary evidence in forensic science: It is of three types – Medical Certificates They refer to ill- health, insanity, age, death, etc. They are accepted in a Court of law, only when they are issued by a qualified registered medical practitioner. The certificate of ill-health should contain exact nature of… Continue Reading Documentary evidence in forensic science

The Glucocorticoids influence carbohydrate and protein metabolism whereas the mineralocorticoids affect water and electrolyte balance. Glucocorticoids enter target cells by diffusion and bind to specific receptors present in the cell nucleus. Thus they regulate protein synthesis by stimulating messenger RNA formation. Partly the metabolic effects of glucocorticoids may be due… Continue Reading Glucocorticoids

Anaphylactic reaction is acute, life-threatening IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction, provoked by variety of injected, inhaled or ingested foreign substances. Note that the term anaphylactic reaction denotes clinically similar reactions to certain agents e.g. radid-contrast dyes, which are not immunologically mediated. Causes Common precipitating agents for anaphylactic reaction are shown on many sites online,… Continue Reading Anaphylactic reaction

Phagocytosis process is the first line of immunological defense to engulf and digest foreign antigens and process them for presentation to  its specific cells. It is mediated by two different cell types i.e. circulatory phagocytes i.e. neutrophils and tissue phagocytes i.e. macrophages, which are derived from monocytes and populate tissues… Continue Reading Phagocytosis

Complement deficiency are rarely congenital, seen more commonly as acquired defects due to — a) Deficient production e.g. in newborns, PEM and chronic liver diseases, b) Defective function e.g. in sickle cell disease, c) Increased consumption or loss e.g. in septicemia, bums, SLE and nephrotic syndrome. Clinical features Clinically, complement deficiency… Continue Reading Complement deficiency