Immunoglobulins (IgG) or antibodies are serum proteins, produced by B cells, which a) inactivate, agglutinate antigens for phagocytosis, b) activate complement system for cytolysis. These immunoglobulins may be present on the surface of B- cells (surface immuno globulins) or secreted in extracellular medium (secretory immuno globulins). Depending on their properties and role… Continue Reading Immunoglobulins

Antihistamines – There are two types of histamine antagonists namely H1 receptor antagonists (classical type) and H2 receptor antagonists (used in peptic ulcer). Only H1 receptor antagonists are described below and 112 receptor antagonists will be discussed along with other drugs used for the treatment of peptic ulcer. H1 antihistamines antagonists act by… Continue Reading Antihistamines

Lipoproteins are spherical particles. They transport triglycerides and cholesterol esters through the plasma. Both are non-polar hydrophobic lipids. They form the core of it, which is surrounded by a hydrophilic surface coat of phospholipids, unesterified cholesterol and apoproteins. Due to hydrophilic surface coat, it becomes soluble in plasma and acts… Continue Reading Lipoproteins & their types

Drugs used for the treatment of Hyperlipidemia are called Antihyperlipidemic. The aim of the treatment is to lower the concentration of VLDL and LDL and raise HDL. 1.  Antihyperlipidemic Drugs which Primarily Reduce Plasma Triglycerides i. Nicotinic acid (niacin, B3): It is a water soluble vitamin. It lowers plasma triglyceride levels.… Continue Reading Antihyperlipidemic drugs reduce Plasma Triglycerides & Cholesterol

In allergic rhinitis, there is inflation of the mucous membranes of the nose due to exposure to an inhaled allergenic trigger. Allergic rhinitis is becoming more common with increasing urbanization and industrialization. It is being considered as serious global health issue, affecting human productivity and quality of life.20-25 per cent… Continue Reading Allergic Rhinitis – causes, symptoms, treatment

Vaccines for children may be broadly classified as Essential (EPI) vaccines included in national immunization schedule – BCG, OPV, DPT, Measles and Hepatitis B, Recommended or Optional vaccines e.g. MMR, H. influenza B, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Varicella, Vaccine for selective use e.g. High-risk children: Pneumococci, Meningococci, influenza virus Post-exposure: Anti-rabies vaccine and Combination Vaccines & Newer… Continue Reading Vaccines for children

Typhoid vaccination are of three types that are Whole-cell inactivated vaccines, Live attenuated oral vaccine (Ty2 1 strain), and parenteral Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine. However, only the polysaccharide vaccine is currently available in Asian countries. Contents: Each dose contains 25 mgIO.5 ml of capsular polysaccharide units (Vi antigen). Supply &… Continue Reading Typhoid vaccination