Skin diseases – Skin is an important structure which protects the body from both internal and external influences. Basically skin consists of three layers—epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue consisting of fatty and fibrous tissue. Besides acting as a protective structure from harmful effects (Trauma, Heat, Cold, Microbes) it is also… Continue Reading Skin diseases and their diagnosis

Hives (urticaria) is a common, recurrent, hypersensitivity reaction of the skin characterized by formation of transient wheals which are extremely itchy, coming suddenly and causing lot of distress. Both sexes and all ages are effected. Its incidence ranges from 15-25% of the population. Hives (urticaria) may be acute or chronic,… Continue Reading Hives (urticaria) – types, causes, features and treatment

Tuberculosis of skin is not an uncommon entity and presents in varied forms ranging from mild forms (Lupus Vulgaris) moderate (tuberculosis verrucosa dutis) to extensive form of disease (tuberculosis orificalis). Development of cutaneous tuberculosis depends on invasion of skin by tubercle bacilli especially in a person who has not been previously… Continue Reading Tuberculosis of skin

Scabies is a contagious disease characterized by intense itching often generalized with formation of nonspecific papules, ill defined involving the interdigital, digital areas, palms, axillae and feet. The disease primarily involves the whole body except the face. It is caused by the mite sarcoptes scabiei, a member of the spider family.… Continue Reading Scabies – types, clinical features and treatment

Intertrigo is an inflammation of apposing skin surfaces caused by constant friction. It is characterized by shiny, pink lesion with scaling and erosions. Soon it may progress to more intense inflammation, with oozing maceration and crusting. Secondary infection with monilia and cocci is common giving rise to infective dermatitis. Intertrigo is facilitated… Continue Reading Intertrigo

Erythema Multiforme is an immune mediated disorder which is triggered by infections especially following Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), mycoplasma, Histoplasmosis, adenovirus and cox sackie virus B5 infections. Drugs like sulphonamides, Phenytoin, Phenylbutazone, Penicillin, Alapurinol are the most commonly implicated. In more than 50% eases there is no trigger mechanism. Clinical features… Continue Reading Erythema Multiforme

Eczematous dermatitis: Eczema is defined as a form of non-infectious inflammatory skin disease characterized in acute stage by erythema, oedema, papules, closely set pin head vesicles which lead to oozing, and crusting. As the disease progresses, scaling and lichenification takes place and fissures appear. Intense itching produces excoriation. Secondary infection… Continue Reading Eczematous dermatitis