Menstruation Menstruation is a relatively later feature of puberty and starts at the age of 12 to 14years. It continues more or less regularly throughout childbearing age, and stops usually at the age of 50 to 55 years (menopause). Clinical features Regularity The menstrual cycle is of 28+or- 2 days.… Continue Reading What is Menstruation – its clinical features & symptoms

According to latest studies by Emory University of Atlanta, It’s not just mothers but fathers also undergo hormonal changes which are likely to increase their care,empathy and motivation for their children. The Love hormone- Oxytocin play an important role in bonding fathers with their child. It is a hormone which… Continue Reading How do Dads bond with their new babies- Love hormones

What is Puberty? This is the period of 12-14 years of age in which the individual becomes functionally capable of reproduction. The start of the ovarian activity and production of the ovarian hormones bring it about. The time of onset of puberty is variable according to race, family and environment.… Continue Reading Puberty in girls – its advent, physical & psychological changes

NEW DELHI: A true nightmare when a cockroach crawls up your nose in the middle of the night, burrows in and drives you mad due to scratching behind your eyes. But for an Indian woman, this nightmare turned out to be real. The 42-year-old had a painful crawling sensation behind… Continue Reading Live cockroach removed from woman’s nose (edge of bottom of the skull)

Clinical Examination of the Ear Equipment for Ear Examination Both indirect and direct light sources are used 1. Bull’s eye lamp-indirect light source. 2. Head mirror. 3. Head light-direct light source. 4. Ear specula of various sizes-The largest speculum which can be conveniently inserted into the ear canal should be… Continue Reading Clinical Examination for Ear Disease

HISTORY TAKING History taking and careful clinical examination is very much essential to establish a proper diagnosis. No amount of present day sophisticated investigations can replace thorough history taking and careful clinical examination. History taking for ear diseases can be described under the following headings: • Chief complaints • History… Continue Reading History Taking for Ear Infections

It was Mach in 1875 that identified the role of the vestibular apparatus in the perception of motion. This consists of functional subdivisions – Semicircular canals-Sense of head rotation. Otolith organs-Stimulated by gravity and linear acceleration of the head. Physiologically, the vestibular labyrinth transduces mechanical energy (linear and angular) into… Continue Reading Vestibular System- Mechanism and Functions