Age estimation from bone ossification – The bones of the human skeleton are preformed in hyaline cartilage. This soft tissue model is gradually converted into hard osseous tissue by the development of osteogenesis, frequently in a central position, from which the process of transformation spreads, until the whole skeleton is ossified.… Continue Reading Age estimation from bone ossification

Forensic odontology to determine age – The alveolar cavities which contain teeth are formed around the third or fourth month of intrauterine life. Development of the tooth begins with the formation of cellular tooth germ within the alveolar bone, in the shape of the crown. Apposition and calcification of enamel and… Continue Reading Forensic odontology to determine age

Sex identification has to be determined in cases of – heirship, marriage, divorce, legitimacy, impotence, rape, etc. A normal person has 46 chromosomes. The chromatin pattern in male is XY and in female XX. Masculine and feminine characteristics most directly depend on the level of circulating sex hormones. SEX CHROMATIN It is a small… Continue Reading Human sex identification in forensic science

Human identification is the determination of the individuality of a person based on certain physical characteristics, i.e. exact fixation of personality. In partial or incomplete identification, certain facts are determined, e.g., race, age, sex, stature, etc., while other characters are not known. Human identification is necessary in: (1) Living people.… Continue Reading Human identification