Chronic neuropathies include Alcoholic, Nutritional, Leprosy and diabetes. Alcoholic polyneuritis Chronic alcoholism is important cause of polyneuritis. It occurs in alcoholics whose diet is poor in nutrition and who suffer from impaired absorption of nutrients due to chronic gastritis and chronic alcohol intake. Nerves are also damaged as a result of… Continue Reading Chronic neuropathies – Alcoholic, Nutritional, Leprosy and diabetes

Porphyric Neuropathy is the conditino in which acute intermittent porphyria may have neuropathy which is acute and resembles infective polyneuritis. The neuropathy generally occurs in younger age group patients. There is history of recurrent attacks of pain abdomen along with psychotic behavior. Precipitation of illness occurs following surgery, infection or… Continue Reading Porphyric Neuropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy – Diabetics can develop neuropathy which is classified into symmetrical and asymmetrical forms. Neuropathy in diabetics occurs in those with long standing disease with poor control of hypeiglycemia and is related to severity of diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy can be classified as: (a) Symmetric 1. Diffuse distal primarily sensory… Continue Reading Diabetic Neuropathy (autonomic, asymmetric, Mono neuritis, Cranial)

Poliomyelitis is an acute infectious disease caused by the Poliovirus belonging to entero virus family and produces a wide variety of symptoms ranging from muscular paralysis, non-paralytic illness to meningeal involvement. Poliomyelitis occurs in both sporadic and epidemic manner. Its maximum incidence is in temperate countries. The seasonal incidence is in the… Continue Reading Poliomyelitis – Spinal form, Bulbar Form, Polio encephalitis , Post polio syndrome

Peripheral neuropathy implies disorder of peripheral nerves which may be affected by various disorders (immunologic, metabolic, toxic, infectious, hereditary and degenerative). It may be acute, sub acute and chronic. A peripheral nerve is composed of bundles of nerve fibers, the central axons invested around by schwann cells. Mainly there are… Continue Reading Peripheral Neuropathy (immunologic, toxic, infectious, hereditary & degenerative)

Diphtheritic neuropathy is the commonest complication of diphtheria and generally occurs during childhood. Diphtheria toxin is neurotoxic and results in segmental demyelination. Earliest symptom is paralysis of soft palate which occurs within a few days of the illness. It leads to hasal character of voice and regurgitation of fluids through the… Continue Reading Diphtheritic neuropathy – diagnosis and treatment

Guillain Barre Syndrome is an immune mediated disorder characterized by acute and severe polyneuropathy. The antigen here is a basic myelin protein P2 and the nerve damage is as a result of T cell mediated injury. Antimyelin antibodies are present in higher titers in early stage of the disease. A… Continue Reading Guillain Barre Syndrome – features, diagnosis and treatment