Dental post operative instructions- When a surgical procedure is completed, the patient cannot be dismissed until dental post operative instructions are given to him or her. The instructions should be given both orally and in written form. They should not only be given to the patient, but also to anyone that has accompanied the patient. The instructions will include the following dental post operative instructions:
Control of Bleeding
Bleeding control is usually accomplished through the use of a pressure pack. The pressure pack generally consists of folded 2—2 sterile gauze pads. These are folded and placed over the extraction site. The patient is instructed to bite down on the gauze for at least 20 to 30 minutes.
A patient should not be dismissed until the doctor checks the surgical site for adequate bleeding control. If the pack is removed prematurely, the clot can be disturbed and bleeding can recur. If the bleeding continues, another pressure pack is placed. The patient is given some extra gauze to use if necessary. If bleeding still continues, the patient should be given dental post operative instructions to call the dentist.
Control of Swelling
The patient who has just undergone some extensive surgical procedure may experience some localized swelling. This can be controlled by a regimen of hot and cold packs. The first 24 hours after the procedure is completed requires the use of a cold pack on the inflamed area. This is done in a 20-minute on, 20-minute off cycle. This will help to slow the circulation in the area and thus reduce swelling.
The cold pack can consist of ice cubes placed in plastic bags that are covered with a lightweight towel or a commercial cold pack. Once the 24-hour post-op time has passed, the patient must be given dental post operative instructions that they can apply heat to the affected area. This will increase circulation and promote healing. If heat is applied too early, however, it may promote excessive bleeding. Swelling can also be controlled by chemical means. Many oral pain medications also promote circulation and can help reduce and control swelling.
Control of Pain
Pain control is of vital importance to the patient’s comfort. Pain control is most commonly achieved through the use of oral pain medications, which is chosen by the doctor by taking into consideration the factors such as the patient’s health and the severity of the procedure.
Control of Infection
Infection control is achieved through the use of antibiotics. The type of antibiotic used is determined by two factors: the type of infection and the antibiotics tolerated by the patient (as learned by a study of the patient’s health history).
Type of infection. There are a large number of microorganisms that can cause dental oral infections. As a part of dental post operative instructions, An antibiotic should be prescribed that is specific for the type of infection a patient has. The correct one to administer can be chosen by accurate diagnosis of the infection present.
Patient health history. Before prescribing an antibiotic or any medication for that matter, a thorough medical history must be taken. The patient must be questioned concerning any history of allergies or sensitivities to medications. A patient with an allergy or sensitivity to an antibiotic can have a severe allergic reaction, which can also be life threatening. Always review the patient’s health history before dispensing an antibiotic prescription.
Dental post operative instructions Visit
The dental post operative instructions visit is usually scheduled approximately one week after surgery. At this appointment the healing process can be checked. Also, any sutures, which may have been placed in the oral cavity, can be removed. If the surgery was for removal of a bony lesion, such as a tumor, X-rays may be taken to verify its removal.