Recent Posts

Sialography

Sialography is a specialized radiographic technique in which a dye or contrast medium is introduced in a retrograde fashion into the duct of the salivary gland. Then a radiograph is taken to study the pathology of the major salivary glands to know the condition of it. Mainly iodine-based contrast agents …

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Bitewing radiograph

Bitewing radiograph is a very useful intraoral radiograph, especially to detect incipient proximal caries. Bitewing radiograph can be taken by using film sizes number Zero or One for younger children and Number two for older children. The coronal portion of both the maxillary and mandibular teeth of the required area …

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Periapical radiographs

lntraoral Periapical radiographs (IOPA) are useful in the evaluation of teeth and their associated structures. IOPA radiograph can be taken by using two techniques; short cone technique or bisecting angle technique and long cone technique or paralleling technique. Though the paralleling technique provides an image of teeth with minimal magnification, there …

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Dental Radiography

Dental Radiographyexamination plays a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment planning of both children and adults. It has to be stressed that radio-graphs have an additional importance in the evaluation and treatment planning of pediatric dental patients. A complete dental radiography examination of the dentition and associated structures should …

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Primary motor cortex function

An overview of the primary motor cortex function tells us that various regions of the cerebral cortex are involved in planning of the voluntary motor functions in the human body. The primary motor cortex function also includes the subsequent processes like controlling and executed the planned motor action. The anatomy …

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Frontal operculum

The term frontal operculum has been derived from the latin word “ operculum frontale” and it can be viewed by exposing the insula of the left side of human brain. In common terms the word operculum in “operculum frontale” means “little lid”. The frontal operculum is the part  of the …

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Supraspinal analgesia

Before venturing into the supraspinal analgesia, it is important to understand the morphology of the subarachnoid space in the central nervous system. The subarchnoid space is indefinite as it not only encloses the brain as well as the spine. Therefore when a supraspinal analgesia is injected in the spine fluid, …

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Parenteral analgesia

The parenteral analgesia refers to the route intravenous route of administration of the its medication. In this methods the pain relieving medication is injected into the mucus membrane of the veins. In certain cases nutrition is also provided by the method of parenteral  analgesia administration. The other ways of introducing …

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Pedodontics

Child is nature’s most benevolent creation. The child is not just a miniature adult but a dynamic organism undergoing constant mental, physical and emotional changes. Pedodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with providing comprehensive dental care and treatment for the child patient, making it the most satisfying and rewarding …

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Bicuspid

Bicuspid mean teeth having two cusps. They are also known as pre molars, so called because they are situated in front of molars. The bicuspids are teeth that are situated just behind the long canines and in front of the big molars. The bicuspids help in breaking hard objects like …

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What does the hypothalamus secrete

The term “hypothalamus” has been derived from the Greek word that means “under chamber” as at that time it was a mystery understanding what does the hypothalamus secrete that controls the functioning of the entire body. It is evident that it is the link between the nervous system and the …

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What hormones does the hypothalamus produce

What hormones does the hypothalamus produce and what are the causes of hypothalamus dysfunction? These are some of the questions commonly asked by a large number of patients suffering from hormonal imbalance. Studies have revealed that the most common causes of hypothalamus dysfunction are anorexia and bulimia which are eating …

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Relationship between hypothalamus and pituitary gland

The relationship between hypothalamus and pituitary gland has been the point of focus of attention for the neuroscientists. The hypothalamus plays a critical role in connecting the nervous system with the endocrine system. It is a tiny mass of nuclei that receive stimulus from the nerves found in the brain …

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Urinary tract infection during third trimester

During the reproductive years, women may get affected by Urinary Tract Infection which is very common. It is caused by bacteria from the urinary tract and in severe cases may even harm kidneys and bladder. Women who have urinary tract infection during third trimester should be treated immediately otherwise they …

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Urinary tract infection during first trimester

UTI is a very common infection caused by bacteria. It affects 1 out of every 10 pregnant women. The bacteria that lead to urinary tract infection come from the women’s body from either the intestinal tract or from the skin which is close to the bladder opening. When a woman …

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