What Is Antibiotic therapy? Antibiotic therapy is the use of local and systemic agents to control the bacterial etiology of the inflammatory periodontal diseases. These agents include both locally and systemically delivered antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents. When Are Antibiotic therapy Indicated in Periodontal Therapy? Indications for the use of antibiotic therapy in periodontal disease include the following:


Prevention of Periodontal Disease and the maintenance of health once the disease process has been controlled are the cornerstones of periodontal therapy. As plaque is the primary etiologic agent of gingivitis and periodontitis, personal plaque control is the sine qua non of dental therapy. A patient must be able to control the etiologic agents of both


Periodontal Health – It is clear that regular maintenance visits are a key component to successful periodontal therapy. There is a demonstrated 70% reduction in lost teeth comparing untreated patients to those who received treatment and followed through with regular maintenance. There is a 50% improvement in tooth retention when comparing treated patients without maintenance


Gum infection symptoms – With increase in junk food across the world, people are beginning to come across new kinds of diseases and medical conditions. Many of these conditions are related to the dental health of a person. Infection in gums is a very common problem faced by many throughout the world. The gum infection symptoms are either


Gingivitis mouthwash – Gingivitis is a bacterial infection that is caused inside the mouth due to various different reasons. This bacterial infection has the tendency of spreading across all the parts of the mouth, thus ruining the teeth and gums from its roots. This disease if not treated on time, can become severe enough to put


Most of the people are unaware of a dental problem like periodontitis or gingivitis until they begin to see the physical symptoms of it. The physical symptoms may include inflammation of gums with pain in it, change of color of the gums and loosening of teeth and bleeding of gums while brushing or otherwise. There


The question Is gingivitis contagious is often asked by many people as this is one of the most common diseases that is prevalent in nearly all age groups of the society. It is essentially caused by the bacteria infection around the gums and teeth inside the mouth. Although, the first answer to the question Is gingivitis


The periodontal examination data may be recorded on paper or saved in a digital format. There are many examples of periodontal charts. What Adjunctive Techniques Are Available to Help in the Diagnosis of the Periodontal Diseases or Other Periodontally-Related Diseases or Conditions? Bacterial culturing and sensitivity periodontal examination: Bacterial culturing is considered to be the


The etiology of the periodontal disease is multifactorial, but bacterial plaque is necessary tor the initiation and progress kin of inflammatory periodontal disease. As indicated by the new Classification System for periodontal disease and Conditions, etiologic factors have become the framework for periodontal diagnosis and classification What Is Inflammation? Inflammation is a soft tissue cellular


Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingival tissues in the absence of clinical attachment lost. It may be characterized by edema, erythema, increased gingival temperature, and occasionally pain. As the inflammation and loss of connective tissue is confined to the soft tissues, teeth are not in jeopardy of being lost. Gingivitis is ordinarily reversible with appropriate


This small group of putative periodontal pathogens possesses certain features in common. Most of them have a Gram- negative cell wall. The outer membrane of the Gram-negative cell wall contains lipopolysaccharide (LPS) which has endotoxin activity. Typically, LPS containing Gram- negative cell wall extracts are capable of promoting bone resorption, inhibiting osteogenesis, chemotaxis of neutrophils,

Dental calculus

Dental calculus is mineralized, mature plaque covered on its surface with nonmineralized plaque, material alba, desquamated epithelial cells, and formed blood elements The bacterial components are largely branched and unbranched filamentous microorganisms that are usually nonvital or display minimal metabolic activity. These bacteria probably alay a role in the mineralization of dental calculus as inorganic


The new periodontitis classification is more descriptive and not temporal as was the previous system. The terms adult, juvenile, early onset, and prepubertal have been replaced with various forms of chronic and aggressive disease. In addition, many periodontal conditions that were not addressed in any previous periodontitis classification system have been described. The term refractory periodontitis


For the proper and accurate diagnosis of the periodontal condition in a patient, it is important to have a thorough periodontal examination. This examination should include the following: Health History A complete health history is necessary to identify any factors that will affect the patient’s treatment, as well as those factors that may predispose the


The herpes virus Varicella Zoster Virus is responsible for chicken pox (varicella) in young people and shingles (herpes zoster) in adults. Varicella virus is extremely communicable before the rash appears and until the sores have crusted over. The Varicella Zoster Virus enters the body through the respiratory mucous membranes and causes systemic disease characterized by


Nanotechnology in dentistrycan be defined as the science and engineering involved in the design, synthesis, characterization, and application of materials and devices whose smallest functional organization in at least one dimension is on the nanometer scale or one billionth of a meter. For a layman it is a kind of technology that deals with particle


Discoloration of anterior teeth is a cosmetic problem that often requires corrective measures. Although restorative methods such as crowns and laminates are available, discoloration can often be successfully corrected by bleaching. Bleaching procedures are more conservative than other restorative methods, relatively simple to perform, and less expensive. They can be carried out intracoronally in non-vital


Electrosurgery – Electrosurgery has been used in dentistry for several decades, but the technique is not widely practiced. However in last few years with increased understanding of the technique and principles of electrosurgery, some misunderstandings about the healing of electrosurgical wounds, is able to clear up. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Electrosurgery (ES) -has been defined as the intentional


Dental Endoscope – Endoscopy is the inspection of body cavities and organs using an endoscope, which consists of a tube and optical system with a high intensity light. The image captured by the endoscope camera is projected onto a video monitor for viewing. Since the introduction of modem endoscopy by Hopkins in the 1960s, endoscopic visualization

Film radiography

Film radiography – Each polyester dental film base is covered by an emulsion of silver halide crystals suspended in a gelatin with a special adhesive holding them to the base. These crystals are sensitive to X-rays and change  when struck by radiation. In areas where all the radiation strikes the film, the emulsion is greatly

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